Glossary of muscoskeletal system
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- Kyphosis is also known as?
- Dowager's hump
- What is "kyphosis" ?
- ante-posterior or forward bending of thoracic spine with convexity of curve in posterior direction
- scarring within a joint leading to stiffness or fixation: may be the result of chronic joint inflammation
- small fluid-filled synovial cyst usually on the dorsal surface of the wrist or foot
What is the etiology?
- lumbar spine deformity resulting in ante-posterior curvature with concavity in posterior direction.
Etiology: muscular dystrophy, obesity, flexion contracture of hip, congenital dislocation of hip.
- deformity resulting in lateral curvature of the thoracic spine
- What is the etiology and significance of scoliosis?
- idiopathic or congenital condition, fracture, or dislocation, osteomalacia.
- Morton's neuroma is also known as ?
- Moron's toe or plantar neuroma
- What is a Morton's neuroma?
What is the treatment?
- neuroma in web space between third and fourth metatarsal heads, causing sharp, sudden attacks of pain and burning sensations.
- Hallux valgus
also known as a ?
- Hallus Valgus can be described as?
- deformity of the great toe consisting of lateral angulation of great toe toward the second toe.
- How is a Hallus Valgus treated?
- shoes with wide forefoot
use of bunion pads
surgical removal: may include temporary or permanent internal fixation
- hammer toe
- deformity of the second through the fifth toes,
- tearing of a ligament
- strecthing of muscle an fascia sheath
- complete separation of articular surface of joint due to ligament injury
- incomplete separation of articular surfaces of joint due to ligamnet injury
- repetitive strain injury
- tendon and mucle strain with inflammation and decreased circulation.
- inflammation of synovial membrane sac at friction sites
- carpal tunnel syndrome
- compression of median nerve in the wrist
- meniscus injury
- cartilage compression and tearing associated with rotational stress
- impingement syndrome
- entrapement of soft-tissue structure under coracoacromial arch of the shoulders
- rotator cuff injury
- tear within muscles or ligaments of shoulder
- RICE is indicate for initial management of what type of injury?
- sprains and strains
- The earliest warning sign of compartmental syndrome
- prodressive pain that is distal to the injury and is unrelieved by usual analagesics
- advantages of synthetic fiberglass cast
- lightweight and waterproof and support immediate mobilization
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