Glossary of infectious disease overview
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- What are the eight catorgies of pathogens
- virus, clamydiae, rickettsia, bacteria, fungus, protozoa, helminths
- Define pyogenic.
- pus causing
- What is special about clamydiae, rickettsiae, mycoplasmas?
- they are obligate intracellular pathogens
- What is kuku?
- spongiform encephalopathy caused by prion protein leads to human cannibalism
- What happens to normal PrP to make them a pathogen?
- The PrP undergoes a conformational change making it resistant to proteases
- Which respiratory virus is ds?
- What does chlamydiae cause?
- GU infections, conjunctivitis in newborns, respiratory, STDs
- What does rickettsiae cause?
- rocky mountain spotted fever, q fever ehrlichiosis, scrub typhus
- What do mycoplamsas cause?
- atypical pneumonia, nongonococcal urethritis
- Where do fungal infection infect in skin?
- superficial layer
- What is a protozoa?
- a parasitic, single-celled organisms with motility, pliable plasma membranes, and complex cytoplasmic organelles
- What is giardia lamblia?
- a protozoa causing diarrhea and malabsorption
- What is trichomonas vaginalis?
- a protozoa causing urethritis and vaginitis
- What are the three types of helminth patogens?
- roundworms, flatworms, flukes
- What does vacterial virulence depend on?
- ability to adhere, invade and deliver toxic moieties
- What is one bacteria that causes suppurative inflammation?
- pneumococcal pneumonia
- What does pneumococcal pneumonia cause?
- suppurative inflammation with vasc perm and neutrophils
- What two things happen in granulomatous inflammation?
- MG go to epithiloid cells and form giant cells
- What can cause necrotizing inflammation?
- clostridium perferinges
- What does clostridium perferinges cause?
- necrotizing inflammation
- What can cause chronic inflammation with scarring?
- schistosoma haematosbium
- What does schistosoma haematosbium cause?
- chronic inflammation
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