Glossary of government test 3
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- What is public opinion and who are opinion leaders?
- The attitudes help by a significant number of people. Individuals help shape public opinion.
- What are some of the important determinants of public opinion?
- Mass media, family, education, religion, gender, ethnicity. Influence attitudes and beliefs
- What is the chief method (outside of elections) for determining public opinion?
- What different types of interest groups exist (know the four types of Economic interest groups as well as the other types of interest groups discussed in chapter 9.2)?
- •Business Groups
oPublic interest group
- What is the goal of interest groups?
- Influence public polices
- How do interest groups accomplish their goals?
- •The try to influence public opinion
•Influence candidates (argumentation and money)
•Advise and write legislation
- any activity designed at influencing policy makers
- Why did our Founding Fathers establish a bicameral legislature?
- •Historical- Britain had it and we were an off shoot of England
•Practical- bring together large states and small states
oEach got a house
•Theoretical- government limited in power and authority
•Checks and balances
- When are Congressional elections held?
- 1st Tuesday following the first Monday in November every even numbered year
- How many members serve in the House of Representatives?
- How are members of the House apportioned?
- Based on population
- How many members serve in the Senate?
- How are members of the Senate apportioned?
- Based on statehood 2 per state
- What are the qualifications for service in the House? The Senate?
- • In the house of representatives
o 25 years old and citizens for 7 years
o Residents of a state
• The senate
o 30 years old and citizen for 9 years
o Resident of state
- What are the functions of members of Congress (both the House and Senate; p. 280-281)?
- • Legislatures- law makers
o Trustee, partisan, delegate, politico
• Committee members
- In detail, describe the powers possessed by Congress (both in terms of category and specific powers)?
- • Category
- Who are the presiding officers of each house of Congress (both the name and job title)?
- • House
o Speaker of the house- Nancy Pelosi
o President of the senate- Dick Cheney
- What functions do majority and minority leaders and whips have in both the House and Senate?
- • Minority
o Run their party
• Whips- makes sure their party members vote the party line
- How long is a term in the House of Representatives? the Senate?
- What is the difference between a strict constructionist and a liberal constructionist?
- • Strict- narrow view of constitution
• Liberal- Broad view of constitution
- What is the function of committees in Congress and how is the committee chair chosen (i.e. what rule)?
- • Committee chair chose by seniority rule
o Discuss, debate, amended, and recommend
- How often are seats apportioned in the House of Representatives?
- Every 10 years with the census
- What is Gerrymandering?
- Practice of drawing electoral districts boundaries to the advantage of a certain group
- What is a filibuster?
- •Attempt to stall and kill the bill by talking to death
•Stop filibuster- cloture resolution
- What role does the President play in the process of a bill becoming a law?
- •Signs or veto bill
oTwo ways- sign it or not act on it and it becomes law
oVeto- reject or pocket veto
- What is the difference between a bill, resolution, joint resolution, and concurrent resolution?
- • A bill and joint resolution when passed they carry force of law
• Concurrent resolution and resolution don’t
- Which Supreme Court case established a broad view of implied powers (p. 306-307)?
- McCulloch V. Maryland
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