Glossary of excelsior nc3
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- hx of >4 pregnancies, long labor, and oxcytocin may lead to post partal hemorrhage d/t:
- uterine atony
- late decelerations are associtated with what?
- fetal hypoxia
- funus is firm and @ umbillicus ___a__hrs after birth and remains there for __b__hrs until involution begins.
- a) 6-12
- bradycardia of ____ breaths/min is normal for 6-10 days post partum
- if fetus is experiencing uteroplacental insufficency or if fetus is <32wks the NST will be:
- nonreactive d/t CNS immaturity
- this teat is used to i.d. a compromised fetus
- a complication of hormone replacement therapy is?
- dilantin may cause this sensory impariment
- blurred vision
- beta- adrenergic blockers are used to:
- decrease IOP
- general adaption theory
- adapting to chronic stress may lead to neg. effects on body system
- stimulus based stress model
- used to i.d. stressors and predict responses to stress
- transactional stress model
- cognitive, emotional, and coping response to stress
- substance P acts on what?
- blood vessels
- bradykinin (what it does & where it takes place)
- it causes release of histamine and prostaglandins
it acts on nerve endings
- TENS unit (3)
- 1 does not stimulate opiate receptors.
2 it promotes release of endorphines or blocks passage of pain.
3 it acts locally to stimulate non pain receptors in the same area
- gardnerella is a vaginal disorder caused by what?
- increased levels of PH
- flank pain and hematuria are S/S of?
- kidney infection
- pilocarpine is used to treat what?
it works by decreasing IOP
- some s/e of pilocarpine are (2)
- 1-tachycardia & hypertension
2-increase mobility of GI tract causing diarrhea
- atropine is used for what?
- it is used to dialate pupils, & relax smooth muscle.
- breast enlargement in men R/T meds like digoxin.
- anterior pituitary gland secrets___ to produce sperm
- progestin only birth control pills work by:
- thickening the cervix.
- emergency contraceptives are given when.
- within the first 72hrs, usually 12-14hrs after sex. meds are given 12hrs apart.
- atrophic vaginitis occurs after menopause r/t what?
also name some S/S.
- decrease levels of estrogen, which causes thinning of vag lining.
s/s: burning, itching and cheesey like d/c.
- PID is characterized by what?
- abd pain, malaise, N/V & fever w leukocytosis.
foul purulent d/c if untreated may lead to backache constipation and menstrual disturbance.
- frequency of newly occurring disease cases
- total number of disease cases
- agency that deals w primary health concerns. it monitors incidence of diseases throughout world.
- the zygote enters the uterus and becomes a what?
- morula about 12-16 cells.
- once the morula's central cavity fills w fluid it becomes a what?
- once the trophoblast attaches to uterine endometrium, the endometrium becomes this?
- chorion is thick outer membrane that developes from throphoblast. it gives off this hormone _____ which does what?
it signals the corpus luteum in the ovary to cont. to make estrogen and progestin.
- the inner layer of the blastcyst is called the ____ which develops from ectoderm.
- alcohol may lead to this while pregnant
- abruptio placentae.
- chorionic villus sampling is done at how many wks pregnant?
- NST is done in what trimester
- chadwicks sign
- increase circulation to vag. area. vaginal and cervix area turns a bluish color.
- hegar's sign
- softening of uterus
- goodell's sign
- softening of the cervix
- estrogen is responsible for what during pregnancy?
- enlargment of uterus, breast, genitalia, vasodilation, and relaxation of joints.
- progesterone is responsible for what during pregnancy?
- relaxation of smooth muscle which decreases uterin contractility.
- oxytocin is secreted by what?
- pituitary gland
- epulis is caused by vaso dilarion brought on by what hormone during preg.
- blood glucose screen is done at how many wks of preg?
- if blood glucose is over ____ then a 3hr glucose test is ordered.
- placenta previa
- placenta implants low on the interior of the uterine wall, near the cervical os
- abruptio placentae
- premature separtion of a normally planted placenta.
- abruptio placentae is c/b what?
- PIH, smoking or cocaine use.
it causes shock or death to infant as well as brain damage r/t lack of O2.
s/s dark red painful bleeding w continuos contractions, low b/p may also be noted.
- PIH is c/b what? and may lead to what?
- damage to endothelieum which causes vasospasms throughout body.
may lead to cerebral hemorrhage, cardiac failure w pulm. edema
- s/s of PIH include
- dyspnea, h/a, blurred vision, and n/v.
- cell division. decrease in # of chromosomes 23 from each partner.
- FHR >160bpm >10min may result from?
- fever or dehydration
- FHR <160bpm >10min may be c/b
what 3 things?
- hypoxia d/t anesthetic, maternal hypotention
umb, cord compression.
- late decelerartions
- FHR<100bpm occurs as contractions peaks. has a long recovery time.
may be c/b uteroplacental insuff., hypertention, DM, or pitocin adm.
- variable decelerations
- anoxia d/t cord compression.
- after birth palpate the fundus q what?______
the nurse should also make sure that______to avoid hemorrhage.
- palpate the fundus q 15 min.
make sure the bladder is empty to avoid hemorrage
- menstration begins @ about ____wks for non breastfeeding mothers and @ about _____wks for breastfeeders
- 6 &24
- reddish area between eyes and neck that blanch under pressure (goes away after 2yrs)
- stork bites
- posterior fontenelles close @ ____, while anterior fontenelles close @_____
- flat red marks on eyelids between eyes and neck
- telangiectatic nevi flat
- a breast fed baby may have ________ (stools)
while a bottle fed baby may have_________
- 3-4 golden yellow stools
1-2 white yellow stools
- fluid needs for a newborn
- HELLP syndrome
- r/t PIH
liver enzymes increase as well as albumin. urine out on the other hand may decrease.
- theraputic range for magnesium
- hydatiifom mole
- change in placenta causes chroinic villi to turn into grape like clusters.
may cause hyperemessis,
- treatment for hydatiifom mole may include
- abortion, hysterectomy, monitor hcg for 1yr.
- terbutaline sulfate
- prevents contractions.
may cause hypotention and tachycardia
- given 24-48hrs after birth to increase lung maturity.
- med used to soften cervix
- leopold's manever is used to asses what
- fetal lie
- CST monitors resp. function of what?
- proprioception is responsible for what?
- body's balance. can be effected by DM or arthritis.
- tonometry is used to meassure IOP, a normal reading would be what?
- between 12-21mmhg
- ability to focus on near objects diminishes w age.
c/b lack of elasticity
causes person to need bifocals.
- macular degeneration
- leads to central vision loss.
- corticosteroids may lead to what eye condition?
- accutane may lead to what sensory imparment?
- Increase in IOP and damage to optic nerve.
- TB meds may be damaging to what?
- Rods and cones
- anticholoinergics used to dilate pupils
- mydriatics and cycloplegics
- hydrocortisone should be given NASAIDs because it
- may cause IOP
- glaucoma meds may include
- steroids and cycloplegics to decrease inflamation and dilate pupils
- progressive hearing loss is known as what?
- treatment for otosclerosis
be sure to check for meningitis or facial paralysis
- failure of muscle coordination, present w vestibular disease
- with the gate control theory activation of the A fibers:
- close gate
- with the gate control theory activation of the C fibers:
- opens gate
- A fibers are what?
sharp and localized
- five biochemical mediators are?
- biochemical mediator that causes inflamation
- sub p
- ascending modulation
- large sensory fibers (A fiber) controlled by massage, heat, cold, tens, opiods.
- descending modulation
- release of endorphins, bio chemical inhibitors and distraction
- ghonorrhea (meds)
- treated with PCN or rocephin
- trajectory model
- symptoms pose a threat
- trajectory model
- hospitilization required
- trajectory model
- changes in recovery
- trajectory model
- focus on adaption of interventions to promote coping and stabilty.
- s/s of lead poision
- blue line @ base of gums,
- mag sulfate is used for
- tocolytic therapy or eclampsia
- tocolytic works by relaxing uterin muscle.
- yellow staining on brain cause by hyperbilirubinemia
- can cause yellow staining on brain
c/d rh incompatibility
- yolk sac and amniotic cavity is formed by what?
- during early stages of pregnancy the corpus lueteal is maintained by what?
- romberg test
- indicates loss of sense of position.
- mag sulfate toxicity may lead to
- absence of deep tendon reflexes
- alpha-fetoprotien test is done at___wks to determine what?
neural tube defects
- NSAIDs work @ a peripheral level to do what?
- inturrupted prostaglandins
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