Glossary of developmental psych

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Short Term Memory-
stores a limited amount of information for a limited amount of time (roughly 30-45 seconds).
Alfred Binet
discovered IQ test
the general mental ability involved in calculating, reasoning, and storing and retrieving information, how you problem solve
processing received information
holding of the encoded information in the brain, how long its in there
Solving problems-
finding an appropriate way to attain a goal
calling back the stored information in response to some cue
Long Term memory-
memory that lasts from over 30 seconds to years
conscious repetition of info
Episodic memory-
retention of where and when something happened
Semantic memory-
memory for word meanings
manipulating and transforming info in the memory
ability of a test to yield the same score each time a person takes the test
Emotional Intelligence-
"a form of social intelligence that involves the ability to monitor one’s own and others’ feelings and emotions, and to use this information to guide one’s thinking and action" Its important b/c it allows us to manage feelings and handle stress, when and how to express emotion as well as controlling it, people who are better able to regulate their emotions will find it easier to develop a competency such as Initiative or Achievement drive
is the power of a test to measure what it is intended to measure
verbal skills
("word smart"):
mathematical skills
number/reasoning smart")
Spatial intelligence
("picture smart")
Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence
("body smart")
Naturalist intelligence
("nature smart")
Musical intelligence
("music smart")
Support provided on an "as needed" basis,
Consistent support is required, though not on a daily basis.
Regular, daily support is required in at least some environments
Daily extensive support required in multiple environments
Mental Retardation-
impaired or incomplete mental development
Convergent Thinking
putting the different pieces of a topic back together in some organized, structured way.
Divergent Thinking-
breaking a topic down into smaller parts in order to understand it
Gender Comparisons
Males score better than in nonverbal
Females score better in verbal
Avoiding narrow thinking and exploring options
Intellectual curiosity--
questioning and recognizing problems and inconsistencies
Clarification and understanding
Drawing inferences and building conceptualizations.
Planning and strategy--,
Planning, setting goals, finding direction and seeking outcomes.
Intellectual carefulness--
Checking for inaccuracy and errors and being precise and organized
Evaluation of reasons--
Seeking evidence, reasons and justifications for facts
Metacognitive exploration--
trying different thinking strategies and Tracking one's own thought processes
enables us to describe past events, plan for the future,
pass down info from 1 generation to the next
languages sound system
meaning involved in word formation
way words are combined to form acceptable phrases and sentences
The meaning of words and sentences
use of appropriate conversation and knowledge of how to use language and context
Human languages have some common characteristics
infinite generativity and organizational rules
We need languages to
speak with others, listen to others, read and write

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