Glossary of crim J7 chap. 9

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movement toward the wider use of private prisons
confinement facitiy administered by an agency of local government, typically a law enforcement agency, intended for adults but sometimes also containing juveniles, which holds persons detained pending adjudication and/or persons committed after adjudciation
operational capacity
# of inmates a person can effectively accommodate based upon management considerations
Justice Model
cometmporary model of imprisonment in which the principle of just deserts forms the underlying social philosophy
design capacity
# of inmates a prison was architecturally intended to hold when it was built or modified
private prisons
correctional institutions operated by private firms on behalf of local and state governments
direct supervision jails
temporary confinement facitlities which eliminate many of the traditional barriers between inmates and correctional staff; physical barriers in direct supervision jails are far less common than in traditional jails, allowing staff members the opportunity for greater interaction with, and control over, residents
rated capacity
size of the inmate population a facility can handle according to the judgment of experts
state or federal confinement facility havintg custodial authority over adults sentenced to varying terms of confinement
administrative masimum; term used by the federal government to denote ulra-high-security prisons
regional jails
jails that are built and run using the combined resources of a variety of local jurisdictions
ex post facto
latin for "after the fact"; Constitution prohibits the enactment of ex post facto laws, which make acts punishable as crimes which were committed before the laws in question were passed
prison capacity
general term referring to the size of the correctional population an institution can effectively hold; there are three types of prison capacity: design, rated and operational

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