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Glossary of class 3 psych vocab

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cognition
the act or process of knowing

schizophrenics are unable to produce complex, logical thoughts- have forgetfullness, disinterst and lack of compliance
loose association
lack of logical relationship between thoughts and ideas that renders speech and thought inexact, , vague, diffuse, and unfocused
tangentially
thought and speech of a person that strays from the origional discussion, never returns to the central poiunt, and never answers the origional question
alexithymia
difficulty naming and describing emotions
apathy
lack of feelings, emotions, interests, or concerns
anhendonia
inability or decresaed ability to experience pleasure, joy, intimacy, and closeness
stigma
an attribute or trait deemed by the person's socialenvironment as negative, different, and diminishing
word salad
series of words that seem totally unrelated
circumstantial
thought and speech of a person associated with excessive and unecessary detail that is usually relevant to a question, an answer is eventually provided
incoherence
pg 391
illogical speech
pg 391
distractible speech
pg 391
clang associations
pg 391
poverty of speech
pg 391
delusions
a personal belief based on an incorrect inference of external reality- different types
auditory halucination
hearing noises, sounds (usually voice)- voice may be talking about the patient- two or more voices having conversations about the patient- commands (can be dangerous)
visual hallucination
flashes of light, geometric figures to complex scenes or visions
olfactory hallucination
putrid, rancid, foul smells (blood, urine ,stool)- usually occur with stroke, siezure, dementia
gustatory hallucination
putrid, foul taste (blood, urine, stool)
tactile halucination
experiencing pain / discomfort, experiencing eletical charges- feel like something is crawling on you
cenesthetic hallucination
feeling body functions- feel food digesting
kinesthetc hallucination
sensation of movement while standing motionless
positive symptoms
delusoiin, hallucinations, formal thought disorder, bizzare behavior- an exaggeration or distortion of normal function- usually resposive to traditional antipsychotic drugs
negative symptoms
a diminutive loss of normal function- usually unresponsive to traditional antipyschotics and more responsive to atypical antipsychotics
pressured speech
formal and logical speech is replaced by loud, rapid, and confusing language
affective flattening
flata affect of emotions, etc.
alogia
decreased thought and speech
avolition/ apathy
lack of energy of drive/ lack of feewlings, interests, emotions or concerns---lack of goal directed behavior
attentional impariment
the inability to focus on one activity in a sustained, concentrated manner
dopamine
pg 398- too much can cause psychosis- like cocaine overdose does to dopamine
seratonin
implicated in schizophrenia- has a modulating effect on dopamine, and some atypical antipsychotic drugs- too much of this increases dopamines affect
relapse
the return of symptoms severe enough to interfere with activities of daily living

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