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Glossary of body planes and other important facts

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Median
vertical cut exactly down the middle
Longitudinal
vertical cut
up and down
Transverse
horizontal cut
top and bottom
Midsagital
vertical cut
Equal parts of left and right
Sagital
vertical cut
left and right
Frontal
vertical cut
front and back
Internal Organs are called:
viscera
Divisions of the spinal column are
Cervical (C1-C7)
Thoracic (T1-T12)
Lumbar (L1-L5)
Sacral (S1-S5)
Coccygeal (tailbone)
Ventral Cavities are:
Thoracic
Abdominal
Pelvic
Dorsal Cavities are
Cranial
Spinal cavities
The anatomical divisions are:
hypochondriac (upper left and right)
lumbar (left and right outer middle)
inguinal(lower left and right)
hypogastric (center lower)
umbilical (center middle)
epigastric (upper center)
Prone position is
lying face down
Supine position is
lying face up
medial
middle
lateral
side
superior
above
inferior
below
proximal
near
distal
far
superficial
on the surface
deep
away from the surface
central
center
Posterior
back
anterior
front
efferent
away
afferent
toward

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