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Glossary of bio notes

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autotrophs
producers
chemoheterotroph
must consume organic molecules for energy and carbon
chitin
a structural sugar of an amino acid sugar found in many fungi
Heterotrophs
consumers
Chloroplast
An organelle found only in plants and photosynthetic protists that absorbs sunlight and uses it to drive the synthesis of organic compounds from carbon dioxide and water.
mycorrhizae
mutualistic association of plant root and fungus
coenocytic
multi-nucleated condition
mycelium
densely branched out network of hyphae
hyphae
a filament that collectively makes up the body of a fungus
diploid cell
a cell containing two sets of chromosomes, one set from each parent
haploid cell
a cell containing only one set of chromosomes
plasmogomy
fusion of cytoplasm
karyogomy
fusion of nuclei
heterokaryon
mycelium formyed by the fusion of two hyphae that have genetically different nuclei
rhizoids
long tubular single cells or filaments that anchor bryophytes to the ground.
mycetozoa
mobile plasma
plasmodial
multi-nucleate mass
monophyletic
single common ancestor
strameopila
flagella hair
-numerous hair-like projections from one flagella, usually along with a second, nonhairy, flagella

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