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Glossary of art history vocab test 2

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amphora
a 2 handled jar used for general storage purposes
ex:amphora by exkias
amphitheatre
greek for double theatre
roman building type resembling 2 greek theatres put together
arena
latin for sand
refers to sand put onto the floor of colusium to absorb mess(such as blood of gladiators)
apotheosis
apo-human
theo-god
when a huma is transformed into a god
ex:base,column of antonious pius
black figure/red figure
type of firing
produces red or black color
difficult to achieve
(greek vase painting)
ex:amphora by exikias
caryatid
a female figure which is used like a column for architectural support
began use in archaic period
contrapposto
relaxed standing pose with weight on one leg
shows how body moves
hips higher on one side
coffering
a pattern of same depressions
trditionally used to decorate ceilings of Greek/Roman architechture
ex:arch of titus is a coffered barrel arch
capitol
refers where building of gov. ppl. go to meet
one of the hills in rome wheter temple to jupiter stood
constantine
son of tetrarch
assinated other 2 after fathers death and became one
christianity
founded constanople-new capitol of E.empire(W.emire colapsed)
saw himself god-like
entasis
the buldge that a greek/roman column has
encaustic
paint made by mixing pigment w/ melted wax
used for architecture and sculpture outside
engaged column/pilaster
column-a architectural decoration that looks like half of a column
made roman temple look greek-like
monolithically built
ex:temple of fortuna virilis
pilaster-
rectangular shaped architectural decoration
isocephaly
heads represented at more or less same level
ex:panathenaic frieze
kore
greek term for young lady
votive
ex:peplos kore
kouros
greek term for young man
greek sculpture used as gravemarker or votive/lifesize
idealized
kylix
vessel used to drink wine from
difficult to drink form for moderation purposes
oculus
latin for eye
architechtural term for a round window
peripteral
columns that go all the way around a temple
greek temple architecture
personification
when you express an idea in the form of a human
ex:nike=victory
terracotta
ceramic material-buff to orange color
literally means cooked earth
atruscan
tondo
any circlar comp. in any medium
veristic
comes from latin wod for truth
refers to individualized/naturalistic style of portraiture that is unflattering
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