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Glossary of animal anatomy and physiology

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median plane
divides the body into equal left and right halves
sagittal plane
any plane that lies parallel to the median plane
dorsal plane
divides the animal into dorsal and ventral portions
transverse plane
intersects the body axis, dividing the trunk of the animal into cranial and caudal regions. the transverse plane of a limd divides the limb into distal and proximal portions
dorsal
upper head, neck, trunk or tail
ventral
lower
cranial
neck and trunk
poximal
nearest to the point of reference/attachment
distal
furthest from the point of reference/attachment
lateral
furthest from the midline
medial
nearest to the midline
palmar
front
plantar
back
rostral
from the center of the head and forward

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