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Glossary of american history semester 1 2

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Mia
Guatemala, in Yucaton Pennisula, ancestors of Mexicana peoples aka Aztec
aztec
swept into valley of mexico in 1200s
hopi
lived near cliffs, collected rainwater and rock, cisterns
kashaya pomo
lived in marshlands along central coast, hunted with slingshots and nets
iroquois
hunted game animals, nuts, berries, and tree fruit grew in their area, fish filled their lakes
colonization
the establishment of outlying settlement by a parent country
kinship
the ties between members of a family
division of labor
the assignment of different tasks and responsibilities to different groups or individuals
encomienda system
a system in which Spanish authorities granted colonial landlords the service of native americans as forced laborers
mestizo
a mix of spanish and native american ancestry
indentured servant
a person who has agreed to work for another for a limited period often in return for travel expenses, shelter, or sustenance
positive effects of colombus
develop democracy and established new world, europeans developed a pattern for colonization, value of plantation system- to produce crops, learned to use european weapons to dominate less sophisticated people, merchants and monarchs saw a chance to increase wealth influence
negative effects of colombus
natives didn't have proper immune system to combat european disease, started a trend of genocide of native americans by spainards
difficulties and challenges facing colonists at jamestown
settlers were consumed by the thought of gold, disease from river water, hunger, colonists were unaccustomed to a life of labor
life under slavery in rural areas
lived a worked on large plantations, men, women, and children worked all day. they were whipped. cramped slave quarters. some worked as house servants.

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