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Glossary of aldehydes and ketones

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acetophenone
methyl phenyl ketone
ketone + R-MgX + water
tertiary alcohol
semicarbazide
H2N-NHCONH2
ketone + CN + H
cyanohydrin
C - CN
OH
higher aldehyde w/R group + R-MgX + water
secondary alcohol
phenylhydrazine
H2N-NHPh
ketone +Zn(Hg), conc HCl
hydrocarbon
ketone + NH2NH2, base
hydrocarbon
hydrazine
H2N-NH2
iodoform test
NaOI
NaOH + I2

ketone + NaOH -> RCOONa + CHI3
Ar-CH3 + CrO3, acetic anhydride
Ar-CH(OOCCH3)2 + H20 -> Ar-CHO
hydroxylamine
H2N-OH
primary alcohol +pyridinium chlorochromate
aldehyde
ketone + 2alcohols + HCl
acetal + water
R-Li + CuX--> R-CuLi + ROCl
R
or ArCOCl-->

ketone or Ar-C-R
O
Ar-CH3 + Cl2 + heat-->
Ar-CHCl2 + H20 -> Ar-CHO
2 aldehyde + strong base
COO + alcohol
R-CHO or Ar-CHO + Ag(NH3) or KMnO4 or K2CrO4-->
R-COOH or Ar-COOh
to detect aldehydes
secondary alcohol + CrO3 or K2Cr2O7
ketone
R-COCL or Ar-COCL + LiAlH(OBut)3
R-CHO or Ar-CHO aldehyde
ketone + OX-->
R-COO or Ar COO + CHX3
friedel crafts acylat
R-C=O + Ar-H + AlCl3 ->
Cl
ketone + HCl
ketone + H2N-G
C=N-G + water
aldehyde + R-MgX + water
primary alcohol
ketone + X2 + acid or base
O
C-C + HX
X

alpha halogenation
periodic acid oxidat
carboxylic and aldehyde

aldehyde-> alcohol
ketone--> carboxylic acid
ketone + H2 +Ni, Pt or Pd
alcohol
ketone + LiAlH4 or NaBH4 then H
alcohol
product of addition of derivatives of ammonia
the H2N-G w/o the two hydrogens before N

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