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Glossary of age of jefferson vocab

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justices appointed by John Adams in order to keep some federalist influence in the government
midnight judges
established precedent of judicial review of federal laws
marbury vs. madison
chief justice of the United States from 1801 to 1835. His court issued several significant decisions including those in "Marbury v. Madison" and "McCulloch v. Maryland." His decisions generally expanded the power of the national gover
john marshall
purchased the Louisiana Territory from Napoleonic France for $15 million. The purchase secured American control of the Mississippi River and nearly doubled the size of the nation.
louisiana purchase
established separate elections of the president and vice president through an electoral college
twelfth amendment
tied Jefferson for the presidency in the electoral college vote in 1800 and became vice president. He later killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel and was acquitted of conspiring to commit treason when he was party to a mysterious scheme involving the South
aaron burr
President Jefferson commissioned Meriwether Lewis and William Clark to explore the Louisiana Territory and beyond to the Pacific Coast. Their expedition (1803-1806) brought back a wealth of data about the country and its resources.
lewis and clark expedition
provoked by the "Chesapeake" incident and prohibited all exports from American ports. President Jefferson hoped to pressure Britain and France into recognizing neutral rights, but the embargo damaged the U.S. economy instead and was bitterly re
jefferson's embargo
forbade American trade only with Britain and France, and authorized the president to end non-intercourse with either nation if it stopped violating America's neutral rights.
non-intercourse act
young congressional leaders who, in 1811 and 1812, called for war against Great Britain as the only way to defend the national honor and force the British to respect America's neutral rights.
war hawks
The British navy used press gangs to commandeer manpower for naval service
impressment
In 1811, General William Henry Harrison led his forces against Chief Tecumseh's Indian confederacy
battle of tippacanoe
organized an Indian confederacy to try to revitalize Indian culture in the Ohio country. In 1811 his confederacy was shattered at the Battle of Tippecanoe.
was killed at the Battle of the Thames during the War of 1812.
tecumseh
led forces against indian confederacy at tippacanoe
william henry harrison
wrote star spangled banner after inspiration from Fort McHenry
francis scott key
led forces against British opposition in New Orleans after the treaty of Ghent had already been signed. celebrated as national hero by american people
gen. andrew jackson
in 1814 ended the War of 1812. Britain and the United States agreed to end the state of hostilities. Neither side made major concessions. With Napoleon's defeat, the war issues had simply evaporated.
treaty of ghent
in January 1815 convinced many Americans, inattentive to chronology, that America had won the War of 1812 on the battlefield. Jackson became a celebrated national hero.
battle of new orleans
protest the War of 1812 and propose several constitutional amendments. These antiwar Federalists were discredited when the United States achieved an honorable peace in the Treaty of Ghent that same month.
hartford convention

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