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Glossary of abdomen and breast vocab

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constipation
difficult passage of stool, infreq defecation
defecation
evacuation of bowels
diarrhea
freq passage of watery bowel movements
dysuria
painful urination
eructation
passage of gas from oral cavity
fecal impaction
colon filled with hard or soft stool which cannot be expelled, liquid stool can ooze around hardened mass
feces
excrement
flatus
expelling of gas from anus
guaiac
hamatest, hemocult test at stool for occult blood
hemmeroid
tortuous veins in anorectal area- internal or external
melena
black tarry stool- r/t action of intestinal juices on free blood
peristalis
wave like movements in G-I tract heard in abdomen
stool
bowel movement feces
suppository
semisolid substances introduced into rectum, vagina or urethra where it disolves
nausea
feelings of gastric upset oftens preceedes vomiting
nocturia
excessive urination at night
protuberant
bulging prominent beyond surface
schapoid
hollow
striae
lines or bands elevated above or depressed below surrounding tissue or differing color or texture
symphysis pubis
jxn of the pubic bones on midline in front
dimpling
retraction
areola
darkened area surround nipple
breast clock
method of localizing findings on breast describing locations in terms of time zones on the clock
cysts
sac containing liquid / semisold substance
nipple
pigmented projection at tip of breast outlet to milk
nipple retraction
being drawn or pulled back- when coopers lig are invaded by ca, become fibrotic, pulls back skin over lesion dimpling
nodules
small mass of tissues in form of swelling protruberance
peau d' orange
orange peel consistency to skin- abnormal
pendulous
hanging loosly
tail of spence
area extending into axilla from the upper quandrent of breast

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