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Glossary of a-AP English Terms

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elegiac
mourning
imperious
urgent, arrogantly overbearing
inductive
particular/observed facts
->general conclusion
deduction
reasoning from general principles
strident
offensively loud
supercilious
haughtily disdainful
tentative
uncertain, hesitant
cryptic
difficult to understand
indolent
lazy
insipid
boring
torpor
inactivity
gratuitous
given freely, unwarranted
tenuous
of little substance, weak
assiduous
hard working
incumbent
obligatory
amenable
aggreable
dilettante
one with amateur understanding
pejorative
belitting phrases
insolent
insulting
sedentary
settled
timorous
timid
replete
filled
apology
defense of an idea
chiasmus
an inversion in the second of two parallel phrases
sardonic
harsh, bitter
syllogism
type of deduction

major premise, minor premise, conclusion
ad hominem
criticizes argument by criticizing person
appeal to ignorance
whatever has not been proven false must be true (and VV)
begging the question
circular reasoning
non sequitur
statement that does relate to sentence before
process analysis
how to do something or how something was done
faulty causality
creating a cause and effect situation where there is none
straw man arg.
oversimplification of an argument to attack it easily
red herring
shifting attention with irrelevent issue
equivocation
lying by omission
anecdote
a short account of an interesting incident
appositive
noun (phrase) that renames noun right beside

Bob, a soccer player,...
caustic
sarcastic, harsh
captious
critical
antithesis
where two contrasting ideas are juxtaposed
impressionistic
meant to give an impression rather than a complete realistic picture
epigram
short witty remark
platitude
cliche
hortatory
marked by exhortion
idiom
a non literal expression

language character
epithet
stereotyping phrase
harangue
tirade
litote
a negative antonym

not unsuccessful
elliptical constructions
when something in the sentence is eliminated that is already understood
interjection
exclamation, added to convey emotion

wow!, good lord!
to underscore
to emphasize
concrete diction
create imaginable images

car, cat, etc.
periodic sentences
saves most important idea for end
loose sentence
point is revealed at start
coordinate clauses
clauses of equal rank and structure
coordinate conjunctions
join coordinate clauses

and, but
complex sentence
subordinate and main clause
compound sentence
made up of two or more coordinate clauses
restrictive clause
contains essential info
nonrestrictive clause
parenthetical or appostive

contains unessential info
relative clause
restrictive or nonrestrictive
compund predicate
has two or more equal verbs

I came and left.

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