Glossary of World Geography Chapter 23
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- How many countries and national capitals does the Danube River link together?
- Nine countries and four national capitals
- How did the first geography textbook refer to Europe?
- It was called the "peninsula of peninsulas"
- One of Europe's most crowded areas is in a belt stretching through Belgium, the Netherlands, and central ?
- Which country of Eastern Europe is a producer of petroleum?
- Petroleum and natural gas have been found beneath the waters of what major body of water?
- North Sea
- Name the highest mountain range found in western and central Europe?
- The Alps
- Name Europe's three major climate types
- marine west coast
- What mountain range forms a natural boundary between Spain and France?
- What do geographers consider to be one of the boundaries between Europe and Asia?
- Carpathian Mountains
- Name Europe's two most developed rivers
- Most of Europe's original forests were cut for timer or cleared for farming centuries ago. What two European countries still have large areas of timer-producing forest?
- Sweden and Finland
- From where do Europeans import much of their oil and gas to satisfy their industrial needs?
- Southwest Asia, Africa, and Russia
- During what time period was the Greek civilization flourishing in the Mediterranean area?
- 900 to 300 BC
- What country has the most metropolitan areas with populations of more than 2 million?
- Describe the areas that encompassed the Roman Empire at its peak
- northern Africa
most of western and central Europe
- Define the period called the Middle Ages
- Germanic groups established a number of new kingdoms.
Charlemagne was the emperor
500 to 1500 AD
- What two European countries became the first to establish large foreign colonies?
- What did the expression mean "the sun never set on the British Empire."
- with the earth's rotation, some part of the empire was always in daylight
- Why is the region becoming a population of older people?
- Life expectancy is high and the birth rate is low
- What percentage of all Europeans between 15 and 24 speak a second language?
- In what part of Europe does Catholicism dominate?
- Southern European Countries such as Spain, Italy and Portugal
- In what part of Europe does Protestantism dominate?
- Most of Northern and Central Europe including the United Kingdom
- How many tourists visited Europe in 1993?
- 300 million tourists
- How much did tourists spend in Europe in 1993?
- more than $160 billion
- To what does the term Eurasia refer?
- the worlds largest landmass, made up of the countries of Europe and Asia
- Which sea requires the use of icebreakers during the winter?
- The Baltic Sea
- What countries border the Baltic Sea and what are their climates like?
- Sweden, Finland,, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. These countries have a subarctic climate.
- How did the loss of overseas colonies affect some of Europe's economies?
- The overseas colonies had produced inexpensive raw materials that supported industrial growth and Europe lost that support.
- Identify four European countries that are multilingual.
- Luxembourg, Switzerland, Netherlands and Belgium
- Compared to world regions of similar latitude, much of Europe has mild conditions throughout the year. Why?
- The moderating influence of the North Atlantic Ocean helps prevent extreme temperatures
- What economic activities are common in the subarctic and tundra climates of northern Scandinavia?
- Which metropolitan areas west of the prime meridian have populations of more than 2 million?
- Manchester and Birmingham, England
- What type of climate region dominates most of Northern and West Central Europe?
- Subarctic climate
- Why did Europe's population experience major declines between 1300 and 1450?
- diseases, famines, and wars
- How and when were the Ural Mountains formed?
- 300 million years ago, the two continents of Europe and Asia collided to form Eurasia forming the Ural Mountains
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