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Glossary of World Geography - Semester Review

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Geography
is the study of where people, places, and things are located and how they related to each other.
GIS
geographic information system - uses technology to collect, manipulate, analyze, and display data about the earth's surface in order to solve geographic problems
absolute location
its position on the globe
hemispheres
how the earth is divided in halves
relative location
its relation compared to other places
character of a place
consists of the place's physical characteristics and human characteristics
formal regions
areas in which certain characteristics are found throughout the area
functional regions
consists of a central place and the surrounding places affected by it
perceptual regions
defined by people's feelings and attitudes about areas
core
center of the earth consists of very hot metal, mainly iron mixed with some nickle
mantle
a thick layer of rock around the core
crust
the rocky surface layer, very thin
lithosphere
made up of soil, rocks, land-forms, and other surface features
atmosphere
layer of air, water, and other substances above the surface
hydrosphere
consists of water in oceans, lakes, and rivers even under the ground
biosphere
is the world of plants, animals, and other living things that occupy the land and waters of the planet

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