Glossary of World Geography: C2 Physical Geography Terms
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- A huge, moving mass of ice.
- What is a Glacier? p.15.
- A flat, sandy area where a river enters an ocean.
- What is a Delta? p. 15.
- A way to draw the curved areas of the earth on a flat surface.
- What is a Map Projection?
- Related to regions near the equator, a tropical climate is very warm and moist.
- What is Tropical? p. 15.
- A resource that can be replaced as it is used.
- What is a Renewable Resource?
- A resource that cannot be replaced by natural resources or is replaced extremely slowly.
- What is a Nonrenewable Resource? p.15.
- Explains subject of map & tells what information it conveys.
- What is the Map Title?
- Gives cardinal or secondary directions on a map/globe.
- What is a Compass Rose?
- Words or phrases explaining features of map.
- What are Labels?
- Lines of latitude and longitude which form intersecting lines on maps and globes
- What is a Map Grid?
- The ratio between a unit of length on a map and unit of distance on earth.
- What is Scale?
- Represent real objects/ activities (i.e., capitals, boundaries, economic activities & natural resources, etc.
- What are Symbols?
- Represents information by color on legend
- What is Color-coding?
- Ways of showing the curved surface of Earth on a flat map with minimal distortion
at equator and edges
- What are Projections?
- A projection showing the shortest distance betw. two points by a straight line.
- What is a Planar Projection?
- A projection of a map onto a cone; used to showlandmasses extending over large area East to West.
- What is a Conical Projection?
- Projects map onto a cylinder;
best for specific areas.
- What is a Compromise Projection?
- The shapes of continents distort at poles & compress at equator.
- What is a Mercator Map?
- Divides oceans with accurate shapes & sizes but not distance
- What is an Homolosine Map?
- Used in Textbooks; shows entire Earth w/ nearly true sizes & shapes of continents
- What is a Robinson Map?
- Shows types of landforms and bodies of water found in a specific area.
- What is a Physical Map?
- Maps showing man-made features on the earth's surface.
- What are Political Maps?
- Focus on specific types of information.
- What is a Thematic Map?
- Maps using colors, symbols, dots, or lines to help you see patterns related to specific data
- What are Qualitative Maps?
- Maps presenting information about a country based on a set of data other than land area.
- What are Cartograms?
- Maps showing the movement of goods, ideas, animals, or even glaciers using a series of arrows to show location, direction & scope of movement
- What is a Flow-Line Map?
- 30 degrees N. is the point farthest North where the sun shines directly overhead at 12:00 noon.
- What is the Tropic of Cancer?
- 30 degrees S. is the point farthest South where the sun shines directly overhead at 12:00
- What is the Tropic of Capricorn?
- The day on which the sun's rays shine directly overhead.
- What is the Solstice?
- This marks the shortest day of the year.
- What is the Summer Solstice?
- This marks the longest day of the year.
- What is the Winter Solstice?
- Twice a year when days and nights all over the world are equal in length.
- What is the Equinox?
- This marks beginning of spring and autumn.
- What is the Autumnal Equinox?
& What is the Vernal Equinox?
- Land on the Leeward side of a mountain which gets little rain from the descending dry air.
- What is the Rain Shadow effect?
- Types of Precipitation
- What are Convectional, Orographic, and Frontal.
- Hot climates use convection to heat warm, moist air in morning producing clouds & rain in afternoon.
- What is Convectional Precipitation?
- In mountainous areas the clouds rise up the windward side, drop rain, and pass over to leeward side without rain
- What is Orographic Precipitation?
- Mid-Latitude storms feature cold dense air masses that push lighter warm air masses upward creating precipitation
- What is Frontal Precipitaion?
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