Glossary of World Geography: C1 - Prehistoric World to 2500B.C.
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- Human-made objects such as tools & jewelry from the past
- What is an Artifact?
- A people's unique way of life
comprised of socially transmitted behavior patterns, arts, beliefs, institutions, and all other human work & thought of a population.
- What is Culture?
- Humans and other creatures that walk up-right (bipedally), ex. australopithecines
- What is a Hominid?
- The Old Stone Age (2.5 Million to 8000B.C.) when the oldest stone chopping tools were made.
- What is the Paleolithic Age?
- Second phase of Stone Age when people learned to polish stone tools, make pottery, grow crops, & raise animals.
- What is the Neolithic Age?
- Using intelligence to develop ways of applying knowledge, tools, and inventions to meet human needs.
- What is Technology?
- The species name for modern humans meaning "wise men" who had much larger brains than Homo Erectus.
- What are Homo Sapiens?
- Highly mobile people who moved from place to place foraging (searching) for new sources of food.
- What are Nomads?
- Nomadic groups whose food supply depends on hunting animals and collecting plant foods.
- What are Hunter-Gatherers?
- The Agricultural Revolution which shifted from food-gathering to food-producing culture which allowed humans to specialize in their work.
- What is the Neolithic Revolution?
- Third world countries clear-cut trees and grasses and burn them to clear fields for planting crops.
- What is Slash-and-Burn Farming?
- The taming of animals (ex. cat, dog, pig, horse) over long periods of time with humans.
- What is Domestication?
- A complex culture with 5 major characteristics: (1)advanced cities (2)specialized workers (3)complex institutions (4) record-keeping (5) advanced technology.
- What is Civilization?
- The development of skills in a specific kind of work
- What is Specialization?
- Skilled workers who made goods by hand.
- What is an Artisan?
- A long-lasting pattern of organization in a community.
- What is an Institution?
- Professional record-keepers who, in Sumer, invented a system of writing called cuneiform (wedge-shaped)
- What are Scribes?
- When people in Sumer began using bronze to fashion tools and weapons.
- What is the Bronze Age?
- A means of trading goods and services without money.
- What is Bartering?
- A massive, tiered, pyramid-shaped monument used for worship (polytheistic)
- What is a Ziggurat?
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