Glossary of Western literary tradition

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In the epic tradition, what do the gods' choices do?
The gods's choices define and beckon a people.
What does the epic poet do as a conscious artist regarding society?
The epic poet lets society know its identity and its mission.
What are the four features of the epic?
1. Its penetration of the veil separating material and immaterial existance, allowing an intimate relation between bods and men and a resultant metaphysical extension of space.
2. It has an escatological expansion of time.
3. Its restoration of equilibrium between masculine and feminine forces.
4. Its sense of motion, its linking of human action to a devine destiny, toward which it senses history moves.
In the epic, how what is the relationship between the gods and mortals?
They are brought together for common work.
Why do the epic poets invoke the muse.
They invoke the muse because they must open their imaginations to an arena of sufficient scope that the gods may enter.
In Aristotle's terms, what is a tragedy?
Tragedy is in imitation of an action that is serious, complete, in of a certain magnitude in language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament, the several kinds being found in separate parts of the play; in the form of action, not narrative; through pity and fear affecting the proper purgation of these emotions.
What this tragedy imitate?
Tragedy is the imitation of an action.
What does the action in a tragedy imply?
Action in tragedy implies personal agents, who necessarily possess certain distinctive qualities both of character and thought.
What are the two natural causes from which actions spring and depend on for success or failure?
Thought and character of the to natural causes from which actions spring and depend on for success or failure.
According to Aristotle, every tread he must have six parts which determine its quality. Name those six parts.
The six parts are: plot, character, diction, thought, spectacle, and song.
Can there be tragedy without character?
One of the most powerful elements of emotional interest in tragedy?
1. Reversal of the situation
2. Recognition scenes
If plot is the first principle of tragedy, than what is the second place?
What is the third order in a tragedy?
The third order is thought.
What is thought in tragedy?
Thought is the faculty of saying what is possible in pertinent in given circumstances.
What is the fourth element in tragedy?
Diction is the fourth element.
How does Aristotle define diction?
He defines it as the expression of the meaning and words; and its essence is the same both in verse and prose.
What element is the least artistic and least connected with the art of tragedy?
Is it true that tragedy cannot be felt apart from representation in actors?
No, this is not true. Tragedy may be felt even apart from representation in actors.
Tragedy is an imitation of an action that is...
Complete, whole, and of a certain magnitude.
What does Aristotle mean by whole?
By hole he means a tragedy my has a beginning a middle and an end.
Regarding magnitude, what two things can a tragedy not be?
A tragedy cannot be too small or too vast.
What happens when a tragedy is too vast?
The unity and sense of the hole is lost for the spectator.
Regarding magnitude in a plot, what is necessary?
A certain length is necessary, a length which can be easily embraced by the memory.
Does the unity of plot mean the unity of the hero?
No, the incidence in one man's life are too numerous to be reduced to a unity; and so, too, there are many actions a one-man out of which we cannot make one action.

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