Glossary of Vocabulary - English 3rd grade
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- Words that sound alike but have different meanings and different spellings are called homophones. (p. 174)
Example: to/two/too, bear/bare, tow/toe, threw/through
- A word that describes a noun is an adjective. (p. 332) Example: red, twenty, smelly, sweet
- fiction book
- A fiction book is a storybook that is not true. Example: The Mystery of the Seven Houses is fiction.
- An atlas is a book of maps. (p. 302)
- friendly letter
- A friendly letter has five parts: the heading, greeting, body, closing, and signature. (p. 90)
- A biography is one kind of nonfiction book. Biographies tell true stories about the lives of real people. (p. 302)
- helping verb
- A helping verb works with the main verb. A helping verb helps show action in the past time. (p. 278)
Example: Susie had heard about the bad weather on the radio.
- Antonyms are words that have opposite meanings. (p.18, 392) Examples: hot/cold, up/down, in/out
- An initial is the first letter of a name. It is written with a capital letter and is followed by a period. (p. 118)
Example: Jason Q. Jones, C. Smith
- The words a, an, and the are a special kind of adjective called an article. (p. 340)
- An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word. (p. 118) Example: St. - street, Rd. - road, Mr. - mister
- A character is a person or an animal in a story. (p. 34)
- common noun
- A common noun names any person, place, or thing. (p. 116) Examples: girl, boy, street, city
- A command is a sentence that give an order. It ends with a period. (p. 10) Example: Sally, go to your room.
- A new word that is formed from two smaller words is called a compound. (p. 72) Examples: butterfly, baseball, hairnet, playpen
- A word that describes a verb is an adverb. (p. 286) Example: quickly, slowly, thoughtfully
- An apostrophe (') shows where a letter or letters have been left out of contractions (can't, don't, won't). An apostrophe is also used when forming possessive nouns (Jane's, Sally's, Ricky's, Bob's). (p. 284, 390)
- A comparison tells how one thing is like another. (p.402) Example: Clouds are like cotton balls in the sky. This sentence compares the clouds and cotton balls. They are similar in that they are both fluffy and white.
- An exclamation is a sentence that shows strong feeling. It ends with an exclamation mark (!). (p. 10)
Example: Mark, look out!
- A dictionary is a book of words. It gives their spellings and meanings. (p. 302)
- A fact is true information about something. (p. 186)
Example: The leaf is green.
- An encyclopedia is a set of books that have information on many subjects. Entries in an encyclopedia are arranged in alphabetical order. (p. 10)
- context clue
- A clue that hepls a reader understand a new word is a context clue. (p. 124)
- A couplet is two lines that rhyme, one after the other. (p. 139) Example: See the snow.
It has covered the fire's glow.
Snow and glow rhyme.
- A contraction is a shortened form of two words with an apostrophe taking place of the missing letter or letters. (p. 284, 390) Examples: can't, don't, won't, wouldn't
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