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Glossary of Visual Art Vocabulary

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acrylic paint
a nontoxic, water-based pigment
aesthetics
focuses on the nature and value of art, provides criteria for which art is evaluauted, the nature of beauty
architecture
the art of designing and planning the building of structures
art crtitcism
to describe, analyze, interpret and judge an art work
background
part of the picture plane that seems furthest from the viewer
ceramics
making visual art from clay, fired in a kiln to make it stronger
collage
cut materials pasted on a surface
commercial art
graphic art produced for advertising and packaging
composition
arrangement of elements of art
content
idea or theme the artist id trying to get across
contour
outline of objects or shapes
design
organization, plan, or arrangement of work
elements of art
componenets of which all art is made; line, shape, color, texture, value, form, and space
engraving
sharp tool scratches line into a metal plate. create a print
expression
process of conveying ideas
foreground
part of the picture plane that seems closest to the viewer
forshortening
object or person seems to go back into space
landscape
shows natural outdoor scenes
loom
machine for weaving
materials
resources used in creating art
meduim
material used to create art
middle ground
area between foreground and background
mixed media
artwork that uses more than one medium
modern art
the latest style of art
mosaic
art made of small pieces of stone or glass inplaster or cement
paper mache
mashed paper and liquid paste
perception
visual and sensory awareness
perspective
illusion of 3 dimensions on a 2-D space
picture plane
surface of a painting or drawing
pottery
container made of clay
portrait
image of a person's face
primary colors
red, yellow, and blue
possible to mix all colors using these three colors
principles of design
how the elements are used; balance, rhythm, center of interest, emphasis, contrast, repitition, movement, variety, and unity
printmaking
art produced from one surface to another
rubbing
transfering textural qualities

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