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Glossary of Urinary System Vocabulary

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urinary bladder
an organ that stores urine
urethra
a tube that carries urine to urinary bladder
kidney
one of a pair of organs that filters blood
nephron
a microscopic filter that removes waste from blood
urea
an important substance that is removed by nephrons that contains nitrogen
ureter
a tube that carries urine out of the body
antidiuretic hormone
a substance that tells the kidneys to take water from the nephorns
urine
the yellow fluid that remains after the nephrons have cleaned the blood
bile
a substance made by the liver that is squeezed into the small intestine to break down large fat droplets

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