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Glossary of Understanding Medical Surgical Nursing Ch 54

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If a health care worker is stuck with a needle from an AIDS patient, exposure to the virus does not occur if gloves were worn.

TRUE or FALSE
TRUE
AIDS is caused by an autoimmune disorder.

TRUE or FALSE
FALSE

HIV is caused by an autoimmune disorder.
Heterosexuals do not contract HIV and AIDS.

TRUE or FALSE
FALSE

Heterosexuals MAY contract HIV and AIDS.
Once a person is infected with the HIV virus, a seroconversion illness occurs.

TRUE or FALSE
TRUE
AIDS patients are put in protective isolation to protect the health care worker.

TRUE or FALSE
FALSE

AIDS patients are put in protective isolation to protect the PATIENT.
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
final phase of a chronic, progressive immune function disorder caused by HIV

CDC diagnosis:
- <200 CD4+ (cytotoxic cells)T lymphocytes cells per microliter
OR
- CD4+ T lymphocyte percentage of total lymphocytes under 14
- Opportunistic clinical disease
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
a retrovirus (RNA only) that causes destruction of immune cells
The three routes of transmission for HIV are . . .
1. Sexual (involves contact of mucous membranes & infected body fluid)

2. Parenteral (contaminated needles/blood products)

3. Perinatal (infected mother to fetus/infant)
The nurse is caring for a pt who is newly diagnosed w/HIV infection. The pt asks what his future health status will be. The best response for the nurse to give is based on the understanding that HIVE disease and AIDS are now characterized as which of the
c. A chronically managed disease
The nurse would evaluate the pt as understanding modes of HIV transmission if the pt stated that the modes of HIV transmission include which of the following?
a. Saliva, tears, fecal-oral contamination
b. Close physical contact involving skin s
d. Unprotected sex with HIV infected partner, contact with infected blood/products
The nurse would recognize the pt needs further reinforcement of knowledge if the pt stated that one of the goals of highly active antiretroviral therapy is which of the following?
a. Reduce the viral load
b. Improve survival rates
c. Decre
c. Decrease CD4+ T lymphocytes
The nurse would recognize that the pt is having a reaction to zidovudine (AZT) if which of the following occurred?
a. Rash
b. Edema
c. Abdominal pain
D. Blurred vision
a. Rash
The nurse is to give lamivudine (3TC) 150 mg PO now and has available a 10 mg/mL solution. How many milliliters should the nurse give?

a. 0.5 mL
b. 1 mL
c. 10 mL
d. 15 mL
d. 15 mL

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