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Glossary of USMLE VIROLOGY

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DNA viruses
HHAPPPy viruses!

Herpes
Hepadna
Adeno
Papova
Parvo
Pox
adenovirus basics
linear dsDNA
naked
adenovirus transmission
resp, ocular secretions
adenovirus sx
acute resp dz (ARD)
conjunctivitis
gastroenteritis
adenovirus vaccine
live nonattentuated
oral
used in military
papovaviruses include
HPV
BK
JC

PA/PO/VAviruses are all abbreviated!
JC virus causes
PML (progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy)

esp in AIDS pts
herpesvirus basics
large dsDNA virus
enveloped
VZV transmission
resp secretions
chickenpox incubation
2 wks
varicella vaccine
live attenuated
EBV transmission
saliva, resp secretions
EBV associations
burkitt lymphoma
nasopharyngeal carcinoma
hairy oral leukoplakia (immunocompromised)
oncogene in burkitt lymphoma
c-myc
EBV cells on peripheral smear
atypical lymphocytes = activated T cells

foamy cytoplasm (Downy cells)
Paul-Bunnell test
monospot
blueberry muffin baby
deaf baby with hemorrhagic cutaneous lesions

*congenital CMV*
HHV-6
causes "sixth disease" = roseola = exanthema subitum
HHV-8
cofactor in Kaposi sarcoma
poxviruses include
variola (smallpox)
molluscum contagiosum
cowpox
umbilicated wart-like lesions
molluscum
hepadnaviruses include
hepatitis B virus
parvovirus (B19) basics
small ssDNA virus
parvovirus causes
erythema infectiosum (fifth dz)
aplastic crisis
hydrops fetalis
picornavirus basics
(+)ssRNA
naked
picornaviruses include
PERCH on a "peak" (pico)

Polio
ECHO
Rhino
Coxsackie
Hepatitis
poliovirus vaccine(s)
live attenuated (oral)
killed
ECHO viruses
Enteric Cytopathic Human Orphan

infect GI tract, esp. in summer

aseptic meningitis, fever, rash, enteritis, common cold, hemorrhagic conjunctivitis
coxsackie season
summer + fall
coxsackie transmission
nasopharyngeal secretions
also fecal-oral
hepatitis A caused by
enterovirus 72 (picornavirus)
herpangina
coxsackie A
hand-foot-and-mouth dz
coxsackie A

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