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Glossary of USMLE Step1

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What are the right to left shunts?
1. Tetrology of Fallot
2.Transposition of Great Vessels
3. Truncus arteriosus
What is the neoplasm of down syndrome?
ALL (we ALL fall DOWN)
What are the left to right shunts?
1. VSD
2. ASD
3. PDA
What is the toxicity of penicillin?
Hypersensitivity reactions, hemolytic anemia
What is the toxicity of polymixins?
Nerotoxity, acute renal tubular necrosis
What is the mechanism of caspofungin?
Inhibits cell wall synthesis
What local effect causes tumor mass in brain?
Seizures
What is caused by failure of fusion of the maxillary and medial nasal processes?
Cleft lip
What mullerian substance secreted by testes supresses developement of paramesonephric ducts in males?
Paramesonephric
What are the three structures inside Carotid sheath?
1. Internal jugular vein
2. Common carotid artery
3. Vagus nerve

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