Glossary of Treatment Planning
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- What is data analysis for?
- To interpret the evaluation information
- What are the 3 areas analyzed?
- * client's expected environment and roles (where is he being d/c to?)
*Areas of dysfunciton (problem list)
*Areas of function (list of strengths)
- What are 3 types of goals?
- LTG: expected outcome of intervention
STG: small steps to obtaining LTG: simplest first
OBJECTIVES: (aka intermediate goals) options to be able to reach STG
- What 3 components should goals posses?
- 1) functional
- What are the 4 general goals of OT:
- 1)TX/Functional Restoration
2)Maintenance of Function
- When is TX/Functional Restoration goals used?
- *When there is no DX; in a non-medical facility.
*Used in schools, social type of facilities.
*Sensory integration can fall under this heading
- When is Maintenance of Function goals used?
- *For deteriorating, mental, neuro, chronic type of pts.
*This goal is to keep, hence maintenance, pt at current level as long as possible
- When is Rehabilitation
- When you want to treat the impairment directly; could be a DX or NOT; to rehab to pre-morbid state; used in phys dys conditions
- When is Prevention
- -To prevent risks. Need to dicifer possible risks pt could be confronted with.
-No dysfunction yet.
-any type of client can benefit from this type of goal
- After interview, evaluation, data analysis and setting goals, what's next?
- Treatment implementation
- What are the 3 areas to consider when thinking of TX implementation?
- 1) Client (pt)
- If an activity is to be occupation, what must it be for the client?
- It must engage the pt's resources and make sense to his values
- What is Positive Spiral of Motivation
Client: TX Implementaion
- What is lack of motivation seen as?
- *LEARNED helplessness
*Rarely due to lack of interest in obtaining goals
- What are some ways to motivate the client in therapy?
- -provide stimulating, yet comfortable environ
-Provide chance to explore
-Help build sense of efficacy
-Task should suit pt's level
-TAsk should meet pt's values
-Should be challenging, yet no so difficult
-Ensure success for completion
-Allow pt to be responsible for actions
-Treat pt as competent
- What are the 3 aspects considered when choosing an activity environment?
- 1- Human aspect: includes therapist, staff and other pts
2-Non human aspect:Physical aspects
3)Manipulating the environment: that its designed to meet pt needs
- Activity: if it has no meaning or value to the pt...(finish thought)
- then it is NOT OT
- What is function good for?
- -normal development
-to explore the environment
-used to learn and practice skills
-provides need gratification
-provides opp for relationships
- What if pt in not able to perform activities competently?
- It will lead to maladaptive behavior(s).
- Define Activity Analysis:
- Process of identifying the components of the activity and therefore the demands it makes on the performer
- What is task analysis
- analyzing the sequential steps, and determining the extent of difficulty for the pt
- In determining the task sequence and performance level, what will analysis help do?
- -select teaching method (backward/forward chaining)
-selet activity to meet a therapeutic aim
-adapt an activity to meet pt's needs
-ID the steps the pt is having difficulty with.
- What can we do to the activity to adapt it?
- Activity adaptation: design an activity or alter an existing activity
- If the activity adaptation is permanent, we call that?
- Activity modification
- The activity elements potential for change include?
- *materials and equip used
*method used to do the step/task
- How can we change the difficulty of the activity (name 2)?
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