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Glossary of Tissues - location and functions

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Simple squamous
Function: diffusion/filtration

Location: blood vessels
Simple cuboidal
Function: secretion/absorption

Location: kidney tubules
Simple columnar
Function: Absorbtion/secretion

Location: lines the digestive tract from stomach to anus
Psuedostratified columnar
Function: secretion

Location: trachea/UR tract
Stratified squamous
Function: protection

Location: skin
Stratified cuboidal
Function: protection

Location: salivary glands
Stratified columnar
Function: protection/secretion

Location: male urethra (rare)
Transitional
Function: allows distention

Location: bladder
Mesenchyme
Function: gives rise to all connective tissues

Location: embryo
Areolar
Function: cushions organs

Location: lamina propria of mucous membranes
Adipose
Function: insulation

Location: hypodermis
Reticular
Function: forms a delicate network of fibers to support other cell types

Location: spleen
Dense regular
Function: attaches muscles to bone or muscles

Location: tendons
Dense irregular
Function: structural strength

Location: dermis
Hyaline
Function: cushion

Location: nose
Elastic
Function: structural shape

Location: pinna (ear)
Fibrocartilage
Function: shock absorption

Location: intervertebral discs
Osseous
Function: supports/protects

Location: bone
Blood
Function: transport oxygen

Location: blood vessels
Skeletal muscle
Function: locomotion

Location: muscles attached to bone
Cardiac muscle
Function: propels blood into circulation

Location: heart
Smooth muscle
Function: propels substances

Location: uterus
Nervous
Function: transmit electrical signals

Location: brain

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