Glossary of Theory objectives from ch. 8 of FN
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- define development
- It proceeds as an orderly, sequential series of changes. It can be continous and interdependent.
- Define cephalcaudal
- It is growth and development that proceeds from the head down to the toes.
- Define proximodistal
- growth and development that occurs from the center to the outside. ie..a baby has control over the shoulder first before control over his hands
- any substance or agent that interferes with the normal prenatal development. causes abnormalities in formation of the fetus.(drinking, smoking)
- What are some family and cultural considerations?
- -be aware of patient's family and kinship
-values, flow of authority, family decision making patterns
-common foods and eating rituals-recognize religious beliefs that may affect health, illness, birth, and death
- What are some changes affecting modern families?
- economic changes (increase of females in work force), feminist movement, more effective birth control, legalized abortion, marriage and childbearing postponement, increase in divorce rate.
- List family patterns common in today's society
- nuclear, extended, single parent, blended, cohabitation, homosexual, adoptive, foster,( in class.. gangs, street families)
- What are stages in family development(6)?
- engagement/ commitment, establishment, expectant, parenthood, disengagement, senescence.
- What are causes of family stress?
- chronic illness, abuse, divorce
- Difference between crawling and creeping?
- Crawling is when baby is on stomach with head up. Creeping is when baby is on hands and knees.
- Erickson's stage 1. Infancy; birth to 1.
- Basic trust vs. mistrust; Infants learn to trust or mistrust that significant others will be able to properly care for their basic needs.. nourishment, cleanliness, physical contact.
- Erickson's stage 2. Toddler; 1-3.
- Autonomy vs. shame and doubt. Children learn to be self sufficient in walking, feeding, toileting or to doubt their own abilites.
- Stage 3. Pre-school; 4-6
- Initiative vs. guilt. Children want to undertake many adult like activities, sometimes going beyond the limits set by parentsand feeling guilty bc of it.
- Stage 4. School age; 7-11
- Industry vs. inferiority. Children eagerly learn to be competent and productive or feel inferior and are unable to do tasks well. (not playing football bc of height)
- Stage 5. Adolescence; 12-19
- Identity vs. role confusion. Figure out "Who am I". Establish sexual, ethnic, and career identities OR are confused about future roles to play.
- Stage 6. Young adulthood; 20-44
- Intamcy vs. isolation. seek companionship and love with another person OR become isolated from others.
- Staeg 7. Middle adulthood; 45-65
- Generativity vs. Stagnation. middle aged adults are productive. Perform meaningful work and raising a family OR become stagnant and inactive.
- Stage 8. Late adulthood; 65+
- Ego integrity vs. despair.
Older adults try to make sense out of their lives. See life as meaningful OR despairng at goals NEVER reached and questions never answered.
- Identify Maslow's hierarchcy of needs.
- physiological needs, safety and security, love and belonging, self esteem, and self actualization.
- Piaget's Sensorimotor: birth - 2.
- uses senses and motor abilities. reflexes. develops schema. interacts with environment, Develops thinking and goal directed behavior.
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