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Glossary of The Reformation and the Scientific Revolution

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Who was John Calvin?
Calvin had greater influence then Martin Luther.
He published "Institutes of the Christian Religion"
He wanted a government controlled by church leaders.
He ruled the city of Geneva.
This city was also known as "a city of Saints"
What is an idulgence?
An indulgence was the money that was used to buy your way to heaven.
Who was Johannes Kepler?
Kepler was Brahe's assisteant.
He propossed three laws of the planetary motions:
1.stated that the planets revolve around the sun in elliptical orbits.
2.planets move more rapidly as their orbits approach the sun.
3.stated that the time taken by planets to orbit the sun varies proportionately with their distance from the sun.
He also proved that the heliocentric theory was true and he came up with the scientific method.
What does the book Utopia talk about?
Utopia was written by Thomas More.
it's a greek word and it means "no place".
This book, talks about an imaginary place where everything is perfect. Utopia was based on reason and mercy.
Who was Galileo Galilei?
Galileo Galilei was one of the most important scientists in the human history.
He discovered the law of the Pendulum.
Published "starry Messenger", where he tells that the sun had dark spots, and that the moon had a rough and uneven surface.
Who was Vesalius?
Andreas Vesalius was a flemish doctor, who published a medical book with drawings showing human muscles, bones, and organs in great detail.
Who was Thomas More?
Thomas More was a writer, and he wrote the book called utopia, where he describes an almost perfect society.
What were the three major religions in europe before the Reformation?
The three major religions in Europe before the Reformation
were: Islam,Christianity, and Judaism.
Who was Martin Luther?
Martin Luther was born in 1483.
He did not set out to lead a religious revolution.
One of the causes that made him stand against the church was selling letters of indulgements,priests poorly educated.
What does Revolt mean?
Revolt means to challenge an authority.

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