Glossary of The Process of U.S. Government (Video Quiz)
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- Political Process
- The ways in which decisions are made in government.
- Public Agenda
- The issues that occupy public attention at any given time.
- The citizenry of a country as a whole.
- Public Policy
- The plan that sets national priorities and determines how they can best be achieved.
- Public Opinion
- The views of a citizenry on any of a wide range of issues at a particular time.
- Public Opinion Poll
- A method used to determine the public's views of issues by using scientifically organized questioning.
- Political Parties
- Groups of individuals associated together on the basis of common political principles in order to assume the powers of government, to elect public officials and to pass legislation in support of its principles.
- An American political party to favor conservative public policies though with wide variations.
- An American political party tending to favor liberal public policies, though with wide variations.
- In the context of American politics, a politicla orientation that tends to favor decentralization of power to the states and lower levels of public spending than those supported by liberals, especially on social programs for the poor.
- In the context of American politics, a political orientation that tends to favor centralization of power at the national level and higher levels of public spending than those supported by conservatives, especially on social programs for the poor. (i.e., SSI, Welfare, Food Stamps, et. al.)
- Party Platform
- A set of statements that describes what a political party stands for, with the purpose of attracting electoral support from voters.
- Primary Election
- An initial election, held before the general election, in which voters of a political party determine which candidate will become the official candidate for public office in the general elections.
- Third Party
- A minor political party in the American political system.
- Interest Group
- An organization composed of those who join together for a political purpose, and who attempt to influence public policy.
- To attempt to influence public policy using methods such as providing information, making campaign contributions and drafting legislation.
- Polling Place
- The actual place where voting takes place in a given precinct.
- A voting district.
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