Glossary of Texas Government - Policy and Politics - Ch. 8
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- Appropriation Bill
- A legislative authorization to spend money for particular purposes.
- A proposed law.
- The political view that seeks to preserve the political, economic, and social institutions of society against abrupt change. This view generally opposes most government economic regulation and heavy government spending while favoring low taxes and tradutional values.
- Delegate Approach to Representation
- An approach to representation in which legislators attempt to reflect the views of thier constituents in a mirror-like fashion.
- An attempt to defeat a bill through prolonged debate.
- Fiscal Note
- An analysis of a legislative measure indicating its cost to state government, if any.
- A formal accusation against an executive or judicial officeholder.
- Current officeholder
- Interim Committee
- Committee established to study a particular policy issue between legislative sessions.
- Joint Resolution
- A resolution that must be passed by a two-thirds vote of each chamber.
- Legislative Access
- An open door through which the interest group hopes to influence the details of policy.
- Legislative Budget Board
- An agency created by the legislature to study state revenue and budgetary needs between legislative sessions and prepare budget and appopriations bills to submit to the legislature.
- Legislative Oversight
- The process though which the legislature evaluates the implimintation of public policy by executive branch agencies.
- Legislative Redistricting Board
- An agency composed of the Speaker, lieutenant governor, comptroller, land commissioner, and attourney general that is responsible for redrawing the boundaries of Texas house and senate seats when the legislature is unable to agree on a redistricting plan.(H)
- Legislative Turnover
- The replacement of individual members of a legislature from one session to the next.
- The political view that seeks to change the political, economic, or social institutions of society to advance the development and well-being of the individual. This view beleives that the government should foster social programs by promoting social justice, political equality, and, economic prosperity. This view usually favors government regulation and high levels of spending for social programs. On social issues, such as abortion and pornography regulation, this view tends to support the right of adult free choice against government interference.
- Line-item Veto
- The power of the governor to veto sections or items of an appropriation bill while signing the remainder of the bill into law.
- The communication of information by a representative of an interest group to a government official for the purpose of influencing a policy section.
- Local Bills
- Proposed laws that affect only a single unit of local government.
- Mark up
- The process in which legislators go over a piece of legislation line-by-line, revising, amending, or rewriting.
- Nonpartisan Election
- Election contests in which the names of the condidates appear on the ballot but not their party affiliations.
- Politico Approach to Representation
- An approach to representation in which legislators behave as delegates on issues that are highly visible to their constituents, while acting as trustees on other questions.
- A legislative statement of opinion on a certian matter.
- Select OR Special Comittee
- A committee that is established for a limited period of time to address a specific problem.
- Term Limitation
- The movement to restrict the number of terms public officials may serve.
- Trustee Approach to Representation
- An approach to representation in which legislators do what they beleive is in the best interest of their constituents.
- An action by the cheif of a state or nation refusing to approve a bill passed by the legislature.
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