Glossary of Texas Government - Policy and Politics - Ch. 2
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- Branch Banking
- A business practice whereby a single, large bank conducts business from several locations.
- Budget Deficit
- The amount of money by which annual budget expenditures exceed annual budget receipts.
- Budget Execution Authority
- The Power to cut agency spending or transfer money between agencies during the period when the legislature is not in session.
- Christian Coalition
- A conservative Christian organization.
- Civil Liberties
- The protection of the individual from the unrestricted power of the government.
- Constitutional Law
- Law that involves the interpretation and application of the constitution.
- Constitutional Revision
- The process of drafting a new constitution.
- Dedicated Funds
- Constitutional or statutory provisions that set aside revenue for particular purposes.
- Dedicated Highway Fund
- A constitutionally earmarked account containing money set aside for building, maintaining, and policing state highways.
- Edgewood v. Kirby
- A lawsuit filed by a number of poor school districts, including the Edgewood ISD in San Antonio, against the state's system of educational finance.
- Equal Protection of the Law
- The legal principle that state laws may not arbitrarily discriminate against persons.
- Federal Preemption of State Authority
- An Act of Congress adopting regulatory policies that overrule state policies in a particular regulatory area.
- General Obligation Bonds
- Certificates of indebtedness that must be repaid from general revenues.
- An organization of farmers that influenced the content of the Texas Constitution in 1875.
- Legal residence.
- Initiative Process
- A procedure available in some states and citied whereby citizens can propose the adoption of a policy measure by gathering a prerequisite number of signatures. Voters must then approve the measure before it can take effect.
- Jacksonian Democracy
- The view that the right to vote should be extended to all adult male citizens and that all government offices of any importance should be filled by election.
- Local-option Elections
- Elections held to determine whether an area will legalize the sale of alcoholic beverages.
- Long Ballot
- An election system that provides for the election of nearly every public official of any significance.
- Party Platform
- A statement of party principles and issue positions.
- Permanent University Fund
- Money constitutionally set aside as an endowment to finance construction, maintenance, and some other activities at UT and A&M, and other institutions in these two university systems.(H)
- Plural Executive
- The division of executive power among several elected officials.
- Property Tax
- Taxes levied on the value of real property, such as land and buildings.
- Radical Republicans
- Members of the Republican Party that wanted sweeping social change to take place in the South after the Civil War.
- Robin Hood Plan
- A reform of the state's school finance system designed to increase funding for poor school districts by redistributing money from wealthy districts.
- Statutory Law
- Law made by a legislature.
- The right to vote.
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