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Glossary of Texas Geography Terms

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where a river separates into many smaller, slower-moving streams before flowing into a bay
bayou
an area of water partly surrounded by land; in Texas, it is smaller than a gulf
bay
an area of land surrounded by water that protects a bay from the tidal action of the gulf
barrier island
an area of water partly surrounded by water; in Texas it is larger than a bay
gulf
streams of flowing water that are connected to each other
river system
where a river begins
source
a smaller river, creek or stream that flows into a larger river
tributary
high, flat land
plateau
area of broken hills and cliffs that separates lower plains from a plateau
escarpment
bowl-shaped area between mountains or hills
basin
area of mountains that seems to be connected
mountain range
an area with very little rainfall
desert
where a river ends
mouth
water that is mostly surrounded by land, in Texas that is only one natural one of these
lake
a man-made lake created by damming
reservoir
a natural, underground reservoir of water
aquifer
small flat topped hills; sometimes called mesas
buttes
an area of eroded land near escarpments
break

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