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Glossary of Terminology4

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Ad- (Sometimes "a" with the constant which the word begins with, as "af-" in afferent)
To, towards
Asthenia, -asthenia
Weakness
Clonus, Clon/o, -clonus
Rapid alteration of rigidity and relaxation
Drom/o
A running
Derm/a, Derm/o, Dermat/o,
-derma
Skin
E-, Ec-, Ex- (sometimes "e" with the consonant the word root begins with, as "ef" in efferent
Out of, away from
Electr/o
Electricity
Febrile
Feverish, pertaining to a fever
My/o
Muscle
Nerv/o, Nerv/i, Neur/o, Neur/i
Nerve
Phylaxis, -phylaxis
Protection aganist infection, to guard
Puri, Puro, Py/o
Pus
Pyret/o
Fever
Pyro
Heat, fire, or prepared by fire
Sarc/o
Flesh, muscle
Sepsis, Spetic/o
Putrefication; the presence of various pusforming and other pathogenic organism, or their toxins, in the blood or tissues
Sept/i
Septum; a dividing wall; Putrefaction
Spasm, spasm/o, -spasm
an involuntary muscular contraction, convulsion
Sym-, syn-
with, together
Tetan/o
Convulsive tension
-ferent, -ferous
Adjective; To bear, convey, produce
-gram
A record or tracing
-graph
An instrument for recording, sometimes a writing
-graphy
Process of recording, writing, or description
-lemma
Sheath or envelope
Efferent
Conducting outward, away from or into; denoting certain nerves, arteries, veins and lymphatics.
Pyodermatitis
Pus-producing inflammation of the skin
Dromic
Relating to nerve impulses that are conducted in the normal direction
Afferent
Bringing to or into; conveying toward or into; denoting certain nerves, arteries, veins and lymphatics.
Electromyogram
The record of changes in electrical potential associated with muscular contraction.
Neurospasm
Muscular spasm or twitching caused by a disordered nerve supply
Myasthenia
Muscular weakness
Myositis
Inflammation of muscle tissue, esp. voluntary muscles
Pyogenic
Producing-pus
Puriform
Resembling pus
Prophylaxis
The prevention of diseases, preventative treatment
Antipyretic
Relieving or reducing fever, or an agent which relieves or reduces fever
Pyrogen
A fever-producing substance
Sarcolemma
Sheath enveloping a muscle fiber
Spasmolytic
That which stops or prevents sudden, involuntary muscular contractions
Septal
Relating to a septum
Aseptic
Relating to the absence of putrefactive organism
Ossiferous
Producing bony, bony
Tetanus
1. A substained muscular contraction caused by repeated stimuli in rapid succession
2. a disease caused by a specific toxin and characterized by painful tonic contractions (jaw and back muscles)
Syndrome
The aggregate of signs and symptoms associated with any disease
Electrocardiography
Process of recording electrical currents from the heart and study and interpretation of such records
Physiograph
An instrument for recording a number of actions of living organisms and tissues
Electrocardiogram
the graphic record of the heart's electrical activity
Blepharoclonus
Alternate involuntary contraction and relaxation of eyelid muscles
Neurolemma
the sheath enveloping a nerve fiber
Electrocardiograph
An instrument for recording the potential of the electric currents that transverse the heart and initiate its contraction
Antiseptic
Preventing decay or putrefaction, or an agent which opposes decay or putrefaction either by killing or by preventing growth of microorganisms
Myatrophy
Muscular wasting away.
Myocardial
Concerning heart muscle
Myoclonus
Twitching or alternate contraction and relaxation of a muscle(s)
Neuropathy
Any disease of the nervous system, especially in the peripheral nervous system
Prodromal
Relating to an early or initial stage of disease.
Septicemia
Diseased condition from absorption of pathogenic microogranisms or their products in the blood; blood poising
Syncytial
Pertaining to a multi-nucleate mass produced by the merging of cells.

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