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Glossary of Substance Abuse

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What groups can fall under substance abuse?
recreational drugs
prescription drugs
environmental toxins
What are the recreational drugs in substnace abuse?
Alcohol
Amphetamines
Caffeine
Cannabis
Cocaine
Hallucinogens
Inhalants
Nicotine
Opioids
Phencyclidine (PCP)
Sedatives
What other activities can be fall under substance abuse?
Sex
Cleptomania
gambling
piromania
triko (hair)
Name the 4 process-steps to substance addiction.
1)Use
2)Abuse
3)Dependence
4)Addiction
What happens in the process of 'use'?
This is the one use of the substance. Need to be cautious as the first try may be the addictive try.
What happens in the process of 'abuse'?
The excessive use of the substance which results in an adverse reaction, and patterns start to develop
What 2 things happen in the 'abuse' stage
1- patterns develop: develop tolerance, then more is needed...
2- will continue on pattern until change in ADLs start to occur
What are the 3 definition of 'dependence'?
1-efforts to diminish or stop has not been successful
2-significant problems start to pile up; relationships start to suffer
3-tolerance continue to develop; now the MAIN effort is obtaining the substance
What happens in the process of 'addiction'?
When efforts are made to stop using the substance, withdrawals take place
What are the signs of withdrawals?
*pain
*anxiousness

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