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Glossary of Subcutaneous Mycoses

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what is the most important subcutan. mycosae in U.S.?
Sporotrichosis
another name for sporotrichosis?
rose-gardener's disease
what are the physical symptoms of sporotrichosis?
lesions on hands/arms
edema in submucosa
does not become systemic
what is the causitive agent of sporotrichosis?
Sporothrix schenkii
what type of fungi, re: how it grows, is sporothrix schenkii?
a dimorphic fungi; it has two fases.
What are Sporothrix schenkii's two phases?
Mycelial phase: 25 deg. C

Yeast (tissue) phase: 37 deg. C
What must you do w/ sporothrix to identify it in lab?
grow in BOTH phases
Which phase is infectious?

what temp is that at again?
the Mycelial phase, at 25 ' C
What disease causes cauliflower lesions?
Chromoblastomycosis
what type of disease is chromoblastomycosis? what is another one that is also?
Tropical.


Mycetoma is also
3 symptoms of Chromoblastomycosis:

What does it result from?
edema
hyperplasia
cauliflower lesions

Results from walking barefoot, and trauma
what is mycetoma?

what are its symptoms
tropical disease of the foot.

tumors with oozing sinus tracts
deformity
bone infection
swelling
What are the 2 tropical subcutaneous mycoses?
Chromoblastomycosis

Mycetoma
What are the 3 fungus-like bacteria?
Actinomyces
Nocardia
Streptomyces
what is the morphology of Actinomyces?
-microscopic
-colonial
branching Gram Pos Bacilli that look like hyphae.

molar tooth colonies.
3 things to remember bout Actinomyces:
-Anaerobic
-Sulfur granules
-A. israelii causes lumpy jaw
What is the other anaerobic bacteria that looks like a fungi?
Nocardia
What is the staining pattern of Nocardia?
Acid fast, but it BRANCHES - so not mycobacterium
What is the nonaerobic fungus-like bacteria?
Streptomyces

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