Glossary of States of Conciousness
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- An organism's awareness of its own self and surroundings
Alternate States of Conciousness (ACSs)
- Mental states, other than ordinary waking conciousness, found during sleep, dreaming, psychoative drug use, hypnosis, and so on.
- Mental activities requiring focused attention that generally interfere with other ongoing activities.
- Mental activities requiring minimal attention and having little impact on other activities.
- Biological changes that occur on a 24-hour cycle, (circa= "about" and dies = "day")
Rapid Eye Movement (REM)
- A stage of sleep marked by rapid eye movements, high- frequency brain waves, paralysis of large muscles, and dreaming.
- Sleep serves a recuperative funtion, allowing organisms to repair or replenish key factors.
- As a part of circadian rythms, sleep evolved to conserve energy and as protection from predators.
- According to Freud, the surface content of a dream, which contains dream symbols that distort and disguise the dream's true meaning.
- The true, unconcious meaning of a dream, according to Freudian dream theory.
Activation - Synthesis Theory
- Hobson's theory that dreams are by-products of random stimulation of brain cells; the brain attempts to combine (or synthesize) this spontaneous activity into coherent patterns, known as dreams.
- Persistent problems in falling asleep, staying asleep, or awakening to early.
- Repeated interruption of breathing during sleep because air passages to the lungs are physically blocked or the brain stops activating the diaphragm.
- Sudden and irresistible onsets of sleep during normal waking hours. (narco = "numbness" and lepsy = "seizure")
- Anxiety-arousing dreams generally occurring near the end of the sleep cycle, during REM sleep.
- Abrupt awakenings from NREM (non-rapid-eye-movement) sleep accompanied by intense phsiological arousal and feeling of panic.
- Chemicals that change concious awareness, mood, or perception.
- Drug taking that causes emotional or physical harm to the drug user or others.
- Broad term describing a compulsion to use a specific drug or engage in a certain activity.
- Desire or craving to achieve the effects produced by a drug.
- Bodily processes have been so modified by repeated use of a drug that continued use is required to prevent withdrawal symptoms.
- Discomfort and distress, including physical pain and intense cravings, experienced after stopping the use of addictive drugs.
- Decreased sensitivity to a drug brought about by its continuous use.
- Psychoactive drugs that act on the central nervous system to suppress or slow bodily proccesses.
- Drugs that act on the brain and nervous system to increase their overall activity and general responsiveness.
- Drugs derived from opium that function as an analgesic or pain releiver (The word opium comes from the Greek word meaning "juice.")
- Drugs that produce sensory or perceptual distortions called hallucinations.
- A group of techniques designed to refocus attention, block out all distractions, and produce an alternate state of conciousness.
- A trancelike state of heightened suggestibility, deep relaxation, and intense focus.
- Name the major five sleep disorders.
- 1. Insomnia
2. Sleep Apnea
5. Night Terrors
- Name the Four Major Categories of Drugs:
- 1. Depressants
- Name the two theories of sleep:
- 1. Repair / Restoration Theory
2. Evolutionary / Circadian Theory
- Name the three theories of dreaming:
- 1. Psychoanalytic / psychodynamic view.
2. Biological view.
3. Cognitive view.
- Define the dream theory, Psychoanalytic / Psychodynamic view:
- Dreams are disguised symbols (manifest vs lantent content) of repressed desires and anxieties.
- Define the dream theory,
- Random stimulation of brain cells (activation-synthesis hypothesis).
- Define the dream theory,
- Dreams help sift and sort everyday experiences (information processing theory).
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