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Glossary of Spanish Chatper Seven

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How long have you...?
Cuánto (tiempo) hace que...?
Since when...?
Desde cuándo...?
I have known for two years that...
Hace dos años que sé que...
I have known since two months ago that...
Yo sé desde hace dos meses que...
He had been running for three months...
Hacía tres meses que él corría...
It was started four moths ago
Hace cuatros meses que comenzaron
o
Comenzaron hace cuatros meses
object or goal of action
por
in exchange for
por
purpose of an object, action, event, or studies
para
comparison in qualities or perspective with others
para
duration of time or part of day an event or action takes place
por
time limits, deadlines, or expected time
para
motion
por
agent in passive; means or manner of accomplishment
por
destination
para
to be about to do something when used with estar+infinitive
por
for what reason?
por
for what purpose?
para
aprender
a
atreverse
a (to dare)
ayudar
a
bajar
a (to take/go down)
comenzar
a
empezar
a
enseñar
a (to teach)
invitar
a
ir(se)
a
negarse (ie)
a
obligar
a
salir
a
venir
a
volver
a (to do something again)
acabar
de (to have just)
acordarse
de (to be glad)
alegrarse
de
arrepentirse
de
asegurarse
de (to assure oneself)
avergonzarse
de
cansarse
de
cesar
de (to cease)
dejar
de
encargarse
de (to take charge of)
estar cansado/a
de
estar seguro
de
jactarse
de (to brag)
olvidarse
de
tener miedo
de
tratarse
de (to be a question of)
contar
con (to count on, rely on)
soñar
con
consentir
en
insistir
en
pensar
en
quedar
en (to agree to, decide on)
tardar (+ period of time)
en (to take (period of time) to)

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