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Glossary of Spanish Ch1 Grammar

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antiguo before and after
before : old/former
after: ancient
cierto/a before after
before : a certain thing
after: correct
mismo/a before after
before: same
after: the thing itself
nuevo/a before after
before : new/different
after: brand new
pobre before/after
before: unfortunate
after: poor (money)
viejo/a before after
before: long-standing
after: old
uses for ser
nationality/place of origin
profession
characteristics
generalizations
possession
material of composition
time, date, or season
where and when an event takes place
uses for estar
location
health
physical states and conditions
emotional states
certain weather expressions
on-going actions (progressive tenses)
results of actions (past participles)
listo w/ ser vs estar
ser listo - to be smart
estar list0- to be ready
loco w/ ser vs estar
ser loco- to be crazy
estar loco - to not know what your doing/talking about
mal w/ ser vs estar
ser mala - bad
estar mala- ill
seguro w/ ser v estar
ser seguro - to be safe
estar seguro - to be sure
vivo w/ ser vs estar
ser vivo - to be lively
estar vivo - to be living

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