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Glossary of Social Studies, Unit 1,Chap1, Lesson 1: geography terms and concepts

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Landform

Landforms are physical features on Earth's surface, such as plains, mountains, and valleys.

Name the two major mountain ranges in the United States.

The Appalachian Mountains and the Rocky Mountains.
sea level

Sea level is the level of the surface of the oceans.
Name the four (4) oceans.

1. Atlantic Ocean
2. Pacific Ocean
3. Indian Ocean
4. Arctic Ocean
Name the seven (7) continents.

The seven continents are: North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, Antartica
mountain range

A mountain range is

a group of connected mountains.
peidmont

A piedmont is

an area at or near the foot of a mountain.
plateau

A plateau is

a broad area of high, mostly flat land.
Basin

A basin is

low, bowl-shaped land with higher land all around it.
volcano

a volcano is
an opening in the Earth through which hot lava, gases, ash, and rocks may pour out.
elevation

Elevation is

the height of the land in relation to sea level.

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