Glossary of Social Psych ex. 2
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- Spontaneous Self Concept
- refers to those aspects of the identity that are in conscious awareness at a given point in time.
- Social Identity Theory
- people want to maintain a positive social (group) identity, can be achieved via the perception that groups to which they belong are superior to other groups.
- Minimal Group Studies
- assign participants to arbitrary and meaningless groups => shows that they generally treat ingroup members more favorably than outgroup members.
- optimal distinctiveness theory
- ppl want to maintain balance between similarity to other people and individuality from other people
- secure high self esteem
- positive self-view that is confidently held
- defensive high self esteem
- positive self-view that is fragile and vulnerable to threat
- parental investment hypothesis
- having children is more costly for women than men, led to evolution of some differences between the sexes in the characteristics they seek in mates.
- disposition that represents the extent to which people rely on external or internal cues to guide their behavior
- need for cognition
- disposition that represents how much people enjoy and engage in thinking
- achievement motivation
- disposition that represents the extent to which people are positively or negatively aroused by performance settings
- Thematic apperception test
- procedure that involves showing participants drawings of ambiguous scenes and asking them to write stories about what is happening, which are then scored for the presence of particular themes.
- uncertainty orientation
- disposition that represents the extent to which people want to learn new things about themselves and their environment
- dispositional optimism
- disposition that represents the extent to which people have positive, confident expectations about their own future outcomes
- life orientation test
- measure of dispositional optimism
- "Type A" coronary-prone behavior pattern
- constellation of characteristics including impatience, anger, and hostility, that has been linked to heart disease
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