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Glossary of Social Psych ex. 2

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Spontaneous Self Concept
refers to those aspects of the identity that are in conscious awareness at a given point in time.
Social Identity Theory
people want to maintain a positive social (group) identity, can be achieved via the perception that groups to which they belong are superior to other groups.
Minimal Group Studies
assign participants to arbitrary and meaningless groups => shows that they generally treat ingroup members more favorably than outgroup members.
optimal distinctiveness theory
ppl want to maintain balance between similarity to other people and individuality from other people
secure high self esteem
positive self-view that is confidently held
defensive high self esteem
positive self-view that is fragile and vulnerable to threat
parental investment hypothesis
having children is more costly for women than men, led to evolution of some differences between the sexes in the characteristics they seek in mates.
self-monitoring
disposition that represents the extent to which people rely on external or internal cues to guide their behavior
need for cognition
disposition that represents how much people enjoy and engage in thinking
achievement motivation
disposition that represents the extent to which people are positively or negatively aroused by performance settings
Thematic apperception test
procedure that involves showing participants drawings of ambiguous scenes and asking them to write stories about what is happening, which are then scored for the presence of particular themes.
uncertainty orientation
disposition that represents the extent to which people want to learn new things about themselves and their environment
dispositional optimism
disposition that represents the extent to which people have positive, confident expectations about their own future outcomes
life orientation test
measure of dispositional optimism
"Type A" coronary-prone behavior pattern
constellation of characteristics including impatience, anger, and hostility, that has been linked to heart disease

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