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Glossary of Social Psych Ch. 9

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need for affiliation
the desire to establish and maintain many rewarding interpersonal relationships
loneliness
a feeling of deprivation about existing social relations
mere exposure effect
the phenomenon whereby the more often people are exposed to a stimulus, the more positively they evaluate that stimulus
what-is-beautiful-is-good stereotype
the belief that physically attractive individuals also possess desirable personality characteristics
matching hypothesis
the proposition that people are attracted to others who are similar in physical attractiveness
reciprocity
a mutual exchange between what we give and receive - for example, liking those who like us
hard-to-get effect
the tendency to prefer people who are highly selective in their social choices over those who are more readily available
intimate relationship
a close relationship between two adults involving emotional attachment, fulfillment of psychological needs, or interdependence
social exchange theory
a perspective that views people as motivated to maximize benefits and minimize costs in their relationships with others
equity theory
the theory that people are most satisfied with a relationship when the ratio between benefits and contributions is similar for both partners
exchange relationship
a relationship in which the participants expect and desire strict reciprocity in their interactions
communal relationship
a relationship in which participants expect and desire mutual responsiveness to each other's needs
attachment style
the way a person typically interacts with significant others
triangular theory of love
a theory proposing tha love has three basic components - intimacy, passion, and commitment - which can be designed to produce eight subtypes
passionate love
romantic love characterized by high arousal, intense attraction, and fear of rejection
companionate love
a secure, trusting stable partnership
excitation transfer
the process whereby arousal caused by one stimulus is added to arousal from a second and the combined arousal is attributed to the second stimulus
self-disclosure
revelations about the self that a person makes to others
sexual orientation
one's sexual preference for members of the same sex, opposite sex, or both sexes

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