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Glossary of Social Psych Ch. 3

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self-concept
the sum total of an individual's beliefs about his or her own personal attributes
self-schemas
beleifs people hold about themselves that guide the processing of self-relevant information
affective forecasting
the process of predicting how one would feel in response to future emotional events
self-perception theory
the theory that when internal cues are difficult to interpret, people gain self-insight by oberving their own behavior
facial feedback hypothesis
the hypothesis that changes in facial experssion can lead to corresponding changes in emotion
overjustification effect
the tendency for intrinsic motivation to diminish for activities that have become associated with reward or other extrinsic factors
social comparison theory
the theory that people evaluate their own abilities and opinions by comparing themselves to others
two-factor theory of emotion
the theory that the experience of emotion is based on two factors: psychological arousal and a cognitive interpretation of that arousal
self-esteem
an affective component of the self, consistenting of a person's positive and negative self-evaluations
self-awareness theory
the theory that self-focused attention leads people to notice self-discrepancies, thereby motivating either an escape from self-awarenes or a change in behavior
private self-consciousness
a personally characteristic o individuals who are introspective, often attending to their own inner states
public self-consciousness
a personality characteristic of individuals who focus on themselves as objects, as seen by others
implicit egotism
a nonconscious form of self-enhancement
self-handicapping
behaviors designed to sabotage one's own performance in order to provide a subsequent excuse for failure
bask in reflected glory (BIRG)
increasing self-esteem by associating with others who are successful
downward social comparisons
defensive tendencies to compare ourselves with others who are worse off than we are
self-presentation
strategies people use to shape what others think of them
self-monitoring
the tendency to change behavior in response to the self-presentation concerns of the situation

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