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Glossary of Science Plants Chapter 1 Grade 5

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Cell
The basic unit of structure of all living things.
Cell Membrane
A thin layter that rurrounds all cells and allows water and dissolved materials to pass into and out of the cell.
Cell Wall
The tough outer covering of a plant cell that gives the cell its rigid shape.
Chloroplast
A structure in plant cells that captures light energy that is used in the food-making process.
Cytoplasm
The jellylike substance that fills much of the cell.
Flower
The reproductive structure of a flowering plant.
Leaf
A plant part in shich photosynthesis takes place.
Nucleus
The cell structure that controls all of a cell's activities.
Phloem Cells
A plant cell that, when linked with other similar cells, forms a system of tubes for carrying nutrients from the leaves down through the stem and root.
Pistil
The female reproductive structure of a flower.
Root
The underground part of a plant that anchors the plant and absorbs water and nutrients.
Stamen
The male reproductive structure of a flower.
Stem
The part of a plant that supports the leaves and flowers and carries water to these parts of the plant.
Vacuole
A cell part that stores water and nutrients.
Xylem Cells
A plant cell that, when joined with other similar cells, forms a transport system throughout a plant.

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