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Glossary of Science- Cells From Chapter 2 Section 1

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What is a protective outer covering of all cells that is made up of a double layer of fatlike molecules and regulates the interaction between the cell and the environment.
Cell membrane
Is constantly gel-like mixture inside the cell membrane that contains heredity material and is the location of most of a cell's life process.
Cytoplasm
Is a rigid structure that encloses, supports, and protects the cells of plants, algae, fungi, and most bacteria.
Cell wall
Structure in the cytoplasm of a eukaryotic cell that can act as a storage site, process energy, move materials, or manufacture substances.
Organelle
An organelle that controls all the activities of a cell and contains hereditary material made of proteins and DNA
Nucleus
Is green, light-trapping pigment in plant chloroplasts which is important in photosynthesis.
Chlorophyll
Cell organelle that breaks down lipids and carbonhydrates and releases energy. Also burns ribosome's proteins.
Mitochondria
A small structure on which cells make their own proteins.
Ribosome
Cytoplasmic organelle that moves materials around in a cell and is made up ofcomplex series of folded membranes which can be rough or smooth.
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Organelles that package cellular materials and transport them within the cell or out of the cell.
Golgi Body
A group of similar cells that work together to do one job.
Tissue
A structure such as the heart made up of different types of tissues that work together.
Organ

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