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Glossary of SAT Hot Prospects Word List

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abate
v. subside; decrease, lessen
accolade
n. award of merit
acquiesce
v. assent; agree without protesting
acrid
adj. sharp; bitterly pungent
acrimonious
adj. bitter in words or manner
aggregate
v. gather; accumulate
amorphous
adj. formless; lacking shape or definition
anachronistic
adj. having an error involving time in a story
anomaly
n. irregularity
antediluvian
adj. antiquated; extremely ancient
antipathy
n. aversion; dislike
apocryphal
adj. untrue; made up
arable
adj. fit for growing crops
ardent
adj. intense; passionate; zealous
assiduous
adj. diligent
assuage
v. ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)
atrophy
v. waste away
audacious
adj. daring; bold
avarice
n. greediness for wealth
avert
v. prevent; turn away
aviary
n. enclosure for birds
beguile
v. mislead or delude; pass time
bequeath
v. leave to someone by a will; hand down
bleak
adj. cold or cheerless; unlikely to be favorable
blighted
adj. suffering from a disease; destroyed
bombastic
adj. pompous; using inflated language
buttress
v. support; prop up
cacophonous
adj. discordant; inharmonious
cardiologist
n. doctor specializing in the heart
carping
adj. finding fault
certitude
n. certainty
charlatan
n. quack; pretender to knowledge
circumlocution
n. indirect or roundabout expression
cliche
n. phrase dulled in meaning by repetition
coalesce
v. combine; fuse
colloquial
adj. pertaining to conversational or common speech
combustible
adj. easily burned
complementary
adj. serving to complete something
confluence
n. flowing together; crowd
conjecture
v. surmise; guess
converge
v. approach; tend to meet; come together
corrode
v. destroy by chemical action
corrugated
adj. wrinkled; ridged
culpable
adj. deserving blame
debilitate
v. weaken; enfeeble
debunk
v. expose as false, exaggerated, worthless; ridicule
dehydrate
v. remove water from; dry out
deleterious
adj. harmful
depose
v. dethrone; remove from office
desiccate
v. dry up
diffidence
n. shyness
dilatory
adj. delaying
discourse
n. formal discussion; conversation
disquiet
v. make uneasy or anxious
distend
v. expand; swell out
dupe
n. someone easily fooled
ebullient
adj. showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm
edify
v. instruct; correct morally
efface
v. rub out
effervesce
n. inner excitement or exuberance; bubbling from fermentation or carbonation
elegy
n. poem or song expressing lamentation
elicit
v. draw out by discussion
elucidate
v. explain; enlighten
emaciated
adj. thin and wasted
emend
v. correct; correct by a critic
equanimity
n. calmness of temperament; composure
equitable
adj. fair; impartial
evanescent
adj. fleeting; vanishing
excerpt
n. selected passage (written or musical)
fallow
adj. plowed but not sowed; uncultivated
falter
v. hesitate
fathom
v. comprehend; investigate
fell
v. cut or knock down; bring down (with a missile)
fitful
adj. spasmodic; intermittent
florid
adj. ruddy; reddish; flowery
foolhardy
adj. rash
glacial
adj. like a glacier; extremely cold
hackneyed
adj. commonplace; trite
hyperbole
n. exaggeration; overstatement
iconoclastic
adj. attacking cherished traditions
ignominy
n. deep disgrace; shame or dishonor
illicit
adj. illegal
impecunious
adj. without money
impregnable
adj. invulnerable
incidental
adj. not essential
incontrovertible
adj. indisputable; not open to question
indefatigable
adj. tireless
indolent
adj. lazy
ineffable
adj. unutterable; cannot be expressed in speech
inexorable
adj. relentless; unyielding; implacable
insolvent
adj. bankrupt; unable to repay one's debts
insuperable
adj. insurmountable; unbeatable
intractable
adj. unruly; stubborn; unyielding
irreproachable
adj. blameless; impeccable
jocular
adj. said or done in jest
labyrinth
n. maze
laconic
adj. brief and to the point
laggard
adj. slow; sluggish
lampoon
v. ridicule
lassitude
n. languor; weariness
lithe
adj. flexible; supple
lurid
adj. wild; sensational; graphic; gruesome
luxuriant
adj. abundant; rich and splendid; fertile
meander
v. wind or turn in its course
mercenary
adj. interested in money or gain
mercurial
adj. capricious; changing; fickle
mirth
n. merriment; laughter
misanthrope
n. one who hates mankind
misnomer
n. wrong name; incorrect designation
mollify
v. soothe
mosaic
n. picture made of colorful small inlaid tiles
munificent
adj. very generous
nefarious
adj. very wicked
nuance
n. shade of difference in meaning or color; subtle distinction
obdurate
adj. stubborn
odious
adj. hateful; vile
ornate
adj. excessively or elaborately decorated
pariah
n. social outcast
parody
n. humorous imitation; spoof; takeoff; travesty
parsimony
n. stinginess; excessive frugality
paucity
n. scarcity
penury
n. severe poverty; stinginess
perfunctory
adj. superficial; not thorough; lacking interest, care, or enthusiasm
pernicious
adj. very destructive
pitfall
n. hidden danger; concealed trap
pithy
adj. concise; meaningful; substantial; meaty
polemical
adj. aggressive in verbal attack; disputatious
prattle
v. babble
precarious
adj. uncertain; risky
profligate
adj. dissipated; wasteful; wildly immoral
quagmire
n. soft, wet, boggy land; complex or dangerous situation from which it is difficult to free oneself
quell
v. extinguish
querulous
adj. fretful; whining
quiescent
adj. at rest; dormant; temporarily inactive
rant
v. rave; talk excitedly; scold; make a grandiloquent speech
rarefied
adj. made less dense [of a gas]
raucous
adj. harsh and shrill; disorderly and boisterous
ravenous
adj. extremely hungry
raze
v. destroy completely
recant
v. disclaim or disavow; retract a previous statement; openly confess error
remission
n. temporary moderation of disease symptoms; cancellation of a debt; forgiveness or pardon
replete
adj. filled to the brim or to the point of being stuffed; abundantly supplied
repugnant
adj. loathsome; hateful
rescind
v. cancel
respite
n. interval of relief; time for rest; delay in punishment
resplendent
adj. dazzling; glorious; brilliant
savory
adj. tasty; pleasing, attractive, or agreeable
sedentary
adj. requiring sitting
soporific
adj. sleep-causing; marked by sleepiness
spurious
adj. false; counterfeit; forged; illogical
spurn
v. reject; scorn
steadfast
adj. loyal; unswerving
stolid
adj. unruffled; impassive; dull
strident
adj. loud and harsh; insistent
stupefy
v. make numb; stun; amaze
supplant
v. replace; usurp
surfeit
v. satiate; stuff; indulge to excess in anything
swagger
v. behave arrogantly or pompously; strut or walk proudly
tantamount
adj. equivalent in effect or value
tenacity
n. firmness; persistence
terrestrial
adj. earthly (as opposed to celestial); pertaining to the land
threadbare
adj. worn through till the threads show; shabby and poor
tirade
n. extended scolding; denunciation; harangue
torpor
n. lethargy; sluggishness; dormancy
trepidation
n. fear; nervous apprehension
trifling
adj. trivial; unimportant
truncate
v. cut the top off
unkempt
adj. disheveled; uncared for in appearance
unprecedented
adj. novel; unparalleled
vaporize
v. turn into vapor (steam, gas, fog)
viable
adj. practical or workable; capable of maintaining life
virulent
adj. extremely poisonous; hostile; bitter
voluble
adj. fluent; glib; talkative
witticism
n. witty saying; wisecrack

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