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Glossary of SAT High Frequency

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abridge
v. condense or shorten
abstemious
adj. sparing in eating and drinking; temperate
abstract
adj. theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational
abstruse
adj. obscure; profound; difficult to understand
accessible
adj. easy to approach; obtainable
acclaim
v. applaud; announce with great approval
acknowledge
v. recognize; admit
adulation
n. flattery; admiration
adversary
n. opponent
adversity
n. poverty; misfortune
advocate
v. urge; plead for
aesthetic
adj. artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciation of the beautiful
affable
adj. easily approachable; warmly friendly
affirmation
n. positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath
alleviate
v. relieve
aloof
adj. apart; reserved
altruistic
adj. unselfishly generous; concerned for others
ambiguous
adj. unclear or doubtful in meaning
ambivalence
n. the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes
analogous
adj. comparable
anarchist
n. person who seeks to overturn the established government; advocate of abolishing authority
anecdote
n. short account of an amusing or interesting event
animosity
n. active enmity
antagonism
n. hostility; active resistance
antidote
n. medicine to counteract a poison or disease
antiquated
adj. old-fashioned; obsolete
apathy
n. lack of caring; indifference
appease
v. pacify or soothe; relieve
apprehension
n. fear
arbitrary
adj. capricious; randomly chosen; tyrannical
archaic
adj. antiquated
arrogance
n. pride; haughtiness
articulate
adj. effective; distinct
artifact
n. object made by human beings, either hand-made or mass-produced
artisan
n. manually skilled worker; craftsman, as opposed to artist
ascendancy
n. controlling influence; domination
ascetic
adj. practicing self-denial; austere
aspire
v. seek to attain; long for
astute
adj. wise; shrewd; keen
attribute
v. ascribe; explain
augment
v. increase; add to
austere
adj. forbiddingly stern; severely simple and unorgnamented
authoritarian
adj. subordinating the individual to the state; completely dominating another's will
autonomous
adj. self-governing
aversion
n. firm dislike
belie
v. contradict; give a false impression
benevolent
adj. generous; charitable
bolster
v. support; reinforce
braggart
n. boaster
brevity
n. conciseness
cajole
v. coax; wheedle
calculated
adj. deliberately planned; likely
candor
n. frankness; open honesty
capricious
adj. unpredictable; fickle
censorious
adj. critical
censure
v. blame; criticize
coercion
n. use of force to get someone to obey
commemorate
v. honor the memory of
compile
v. assemble; gather; accumulate
complacency
n. self-satisfaction; smugness
compliance
n. readiness to yield; conformity in fulfilling requirements
composure
n. mental calmness
comprehensive
adj. thorough; inclusive
concede
v. admit; yield
conciliatory
adj. reconciling; soothing
concise
adj. brief and compact
concur
v. agree
condone
v. overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse
conflagration
n. great fire
confound
v. confuse; puzzle
consensus
n. general agreement
constraint
n. compulsion; repression of feelings
contend
v. struggle; compete; assert earnestly
contentious
adj. quarrelsome
contract
v. compress or shrink; make a pledge; catch a disease
conviction
n. judgment that someone is guilty of a crime; strongly held belief
cordial
adj. gracious; heartfelt
corroborate
v. confirm; support
credulity
n. belief on slight evidence; gullibility; naivete
criterion
n. standard used in judging
cryptic
adj. mysterious; hidden; secret
cursory
adj. casual; hastily done
curtail
v. shorten; reduce
decorum
n. propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners
deference
n. courteous regard for another's wish
degradation
n. humiliation; debasement; degeneration
delineate
v. portray; depict; sketch
denounce
v. condemn; criticize
deplore
v. regret; disapprove of
depravity
n. extreme corruption; wickedness
deprecate
v. express disapproval of; protest against; belittle
deride
v. ridicule; make fun of
derivative
adj. unoriginal derived from another source
despondent
adj. depressed; gloomy
detached
adj. emotionally removed; calm and objetive; physically unconnected
deterrent
n. something that discourages; hindrance
detrimental
adj. harmful; damaging
devious
adj. roundabout; erratic; not straightforward
devise
v. think up; invent; plan
diffuse
adj. wordy; rambling; spread out (like a gas)
digression
n. wandering away from the subject
diligence
n. steadiness of effort; persistent hard work
diminution
n. lessening; reduction in size
discerning
adj. mentally quick and observant; having insight
disclose
v. reveal
discordant
adj. not harmonious; conflicting
discount
v. disregard; dismiss
discrepancy
n. lack of consistency; difference
discriminating
adj. able to see differences; prejudiced
disdain
v. view with scorn or contempt
disinclination
n. unwillingness
dismiss
v. put away from consideration; reject
disparage
v. belittle
disparity
n. difference; condition of inequality
disperse
v. scatter
disputatious
adj. argumentative; fond of arguing
disseminate
v. distribute; spread; scatter (like seeds)
dissent
v. disagree
divergent
adj. differing, deviating
doctrine
n. teachings, in general; particular principle (religious, legal, etc) taught
document
v. provide written evidence
dogmatic
adj. opinionated; arbitrary; doctrinal
dubious
adj. questionable; filled with doubt
duplicity
n. double-dealing; hypocrisy
eclectic
adj. composed of elements drawn from disparate sources
egotistical
adj. excessively self-centered; self-important; conceited
elated
adj. overjoyed; in high spirits
eloquence
n. expressiveness; persuasive speech
elusive
adj. evasive; baffling; hard to grasp
embellish
v. adorn; ornament
emulate
v. irritate; rival
endorse
v. approve; support
enhance
v. increase; improve
enigma
n. puzzle; mystery
enmity
n. ill will; hatred
ephemeral
adj. short-lived; fleeting
equivocal
adj. ambiguous; intentionally misleading
erroneous
adj. mistaken; wrong
erudite
adj. learned; scholarly
esoteric
adj. hard to understand; known only to the chosen few
eulogy
n. expression of praise, often on the occasion of someone's death
euphemism
n. mild expression in place of an unpleasant one
exacerbate
v. worsen; embitter
exalt
v. raise in rank or dignity; praise
execute
v. put into effect; carry out
exemplary
adj. serving as a model; outstanding
exemplify
v. serve as an example of; embody
exhaustive
adj. thorough; comprehensive
exhilarating
adj. invigorating and refreshing; cheering
exonerate
v. acquit; exulpate
expedient
adj. suitable; practical; politic
expedite
v. hasten
explicit
adj. totally clear; definite; outspoken
exploit
v. make use of, sometimes unjustly
extol
v. praise; glorify
extraneous
adj. not essential; superfluous
extricate
v. free; disentangle
exuberance
n. overflowing abundance; joyful enthusiasm; flamboyance; lavishness
facilitate
v. help bring about; make less difficult
fallacious
adj. false; misleading
fanaticism
n. excessive zeal; extreme devotion to a belief or cause
fastidious
adj. difficult to please; squeamish
feasible
adj. practical
fervor
n. glowing ardor; intensity of feeling
flagrant
adj. conspicuously wicked; blatant; outrageous
frivolous
adj. lacking in seriousness; self-indulgently carefree; relatively unimportant
frugality
n. thrift; economy
furtive
adj. stealthy; sneaky
garrulous
adj. loquacious; wordy; talkative
glutton
n. someone who eats too much
gratify
v. please
gratuitous
adj. given freely; unwarranted; uncalled for
gravity
n. seriousness
gregarious
adj. sociable
guile
n. deceit; duplicity; williness; cunning
gullible
adj. easily deceived
hamper
v. obstruct
hardy
adj. sturdy; robust; able to stand inclement weather
haughtiness
n. pride; arrogance
hedonist
n. one who believes that pleasure is the sole aim in life
heresy
n. opinion contrary to popular belief; opinion contrary to accepted religion
hierarchy
n. arrangement by rank or standing; authoritarian body divided into ranks
homogeneous
adj. of the same kind
hypocritical
adj. pretending to be virtuous; deceiving
hypothetical
adj. based on assumptions or hypotheses; supposed
idiosyncrasy
n. individual trait, usually odd in nature; eccentricity
illusory
adj. deceptive; not real
immutable
adj. unchangeable
impair
v. injure; hurt
impeccable
adj. faultless
impede
v. hinder; block; delay
implausible
adj. unlikely; unbelievable
implement
v. put into effect; supply with tools
impudence
n. impertinence; insolence
inadvertent
adv. unintentionally; by oversight; carelessly
inane
adj. silly, senseless
incisive
adj. cutting; sharp
incite
v. arouse to action; goad; motivate; induce to exist
inclusive
adj. tending to include all
incongruous
adj. not fitting; absurd
inconsequential
adj. insignificant; unimportant
incorrigible
adj. not correctable
indict
v. charge
indifferent
adj. unmoved or unconcerned by; mediocre
indiscriminate
adj. choosing at random; confused
induce
v. persuade; bring about
inert
adj. inactive; lacking power to move
ingenious
adj. clever; resourceful
inherent
adj. firmly established by nature or habit
innate
adj. inborn
innocuous
adj. harmless
innovation
n. change; introduction of something new
insipid
adj. lacking in flavor; dull
instigate
v. urge; start; provoke
insularity
n. narrow-mindedness; isolation
integrity
n. uprightness; wholeness
intervene
v. come between
intimidate
v. frighten
intrepid
adj. fearless
inundate
v. overwhelm; flood; submerge
invert
v. turn upside down or inside out
ironic
adj. resulting in an unexpected and contrary outcome
lament
v. grieve; express sorrow
laud
v. praise
lavish
adj. generous; openhanded; extravagant; wasteful
lethargic
adj. drowsy; dull
levity
n. lack of seriousness; lightness
linger
v. loiter or dawdle; continue or persist
listless
adj. lacking in spirit or energy
lofty
adj. very high
malicious
adj. hateful; spiteful
marred
adj. damaged; disfigured
materialism
n. preoccupation with physical comforts and things
methodical
adj. systematic
meticulous
adj. excessively careful; painstaking; scrupulous
miserly
adj. stingy; mean
mitigate
v. appease; moderate
morose
adj. ill-humored; sullen; melancholy
mundane
adj. worldly as opposed to spiritual; everyday
negate
v. cancel out; nullify; deny
nonchalance
n. indifference; lack of concern; composure
notoriety
n. disrepute; ill fame
novelty
n. something new; newness
nurture
v. nourish; educate; foster
obliterate
v. destroy completely
oblivion
n. obscurity; forgetfulness
obscure
v. darken; make unclear
obstinate
adj. stubborn; hard to control or treat
ominous
adj. threatening
opaque
adj. dark; not transparent

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