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Glossary of SAT 1 Vocab: S (Saccharine - Surreptitious)

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saccharine
overly sweet
sacrilege
the violation of anything sacred
sacrosanct
extremely holy
sadistic
deriving pleasure from inflicting pain on others
saga
a long story of adventure
sagacious
wise
sage
a wise person
salacious
lusty; obscene
salient
significant; conspicuous
saline
salty
sallow
sickly pale
salubrious
healthful
salutary
healthful; wholesome
salutatory
a welcoming address, as at a graduation
salvage
to rescue; to save from destruction
sanctimonious
hypocritical in regard to religious belief
sanction
to authorize; to give permission
sangfroid
calmness; composure
sanguinary
bloody
sanguine
cheerful; optimistic
sapient
wise
sardonic
mocking; scornful
sartorial
pertaining to clothes or tailoring
satiated
satisfied; filled up
satirical
sarcastic; ironic
saturate
to soak; to fill up
saturnine
gloomy; sluggish
saunter
to stroll; to walk leisurely
savant
a person of extensive learning
savoir faire
tact; knowledge of just what to do in any situation
savor
to enjoy, as by taste or smell
scant
inadequate in size or amount
scapegoat
one who takes the blame for others
scathing
extremely severe or harsh, such as a remark or look
schism
a split or break
scintilla
a tiny amount; a speck
scintillate
to sparkle; to twinkle
scion
an offspring; a descendant
scoff
to ridicule
scope
range; extent
scourge
a whip or a lash; a person or thing that punishes or destroys
scrupulous
honest; ethical; precise
scrutinize
to examine closely
scurrilous
coarsely abusive; vulgar
scurry
to run about; to hurry
scuttle
to sink (a ship); to abandon
sear
to burn; to scorch
sebaceous
fatty
seclude
to keep apart; to isolate
secrete
to conceal; to hide
secular
worldly; nonreligious
sedate
quiet; calm; serious
sedentary
sitting most of the time
sediment
material that settles on the bottom; residue
sedition
rebellion
sedulous
hard-working; industrious; diligent
seedy
run-down; shabby
seethe
to boil; to be violently agitated
seismic
pertaining to earthquakes
semblance
outward appearance
senile
pertaining to mental weakness due to old age
sensate
pertaining to feeling
sensual
pertaining to enjoyment of food and sex
sensuous
pertaining to enjoyment of art, music, etc.
sententious
concise; including brief remarks and proverbs
sentient
conscious; capable of feeling
sentinel
a guard
sepulcher
tomb; burial vault
sequel
an event or literary work that follows a previous one
sequester
to separate; to set aside
seraphic
angelic; pure
serendipity
a talent for making desirable discoveries by accident
serene
calm; peaceful
serpentine
winding
serrated
having tooth-like edges
servile
like a slave
servitude
slavery; bondage
sever
to cut in two; to separate
shackle
to keep prisoner; to restrain
sham
a pretense
shambles
a slaughterhouse; great disorder
shard
a fragment
sheepish
embarrassed; bashful
shibboleth
a slogan; a password
shiftless
lazy; inefficient
shoal
a shallow place in the water; a reef
shortcomings
defects; deficiencies
shrew
a nagging, bad-tempered woman
shroud
a cloth or sheet in which a corpse is wrapped for burial
sibilant
hissing
sibling
a brother or sister
simian
pertaining to an ape or monkey
simile
a comparison using the words "like" or "as"
simony
the sin of buying or selling church benefits
simper
to smile in a silly way
simulacrum
an image; a likeness
simulate
to pretend; to imitate
simultaneous
occurring at the same time
sinecure
job with no responsibilities
sinewy
tough; firm; strong
singular
extraordinary; remarkable; exceptional
sinuous
curving; winding
siren
an attractive but dangerous woman
skeptic
one who doubts
skinflint
a miser; a stingy person
skittish
restless; excitable; nervous
skulduggery
trickery; deception
skulk
to sneak around; to lie in hiding
slacken
become loose; to relax
slake
to lessen (thirst, desire, anger; etc.) by satisfying; to quench
slander
to make a false statement against someone
slattern
an untidy woman
sleazy
cheap; flimsy
sleek
smooth and shiny
slither
to slide or glide
slothful
lazy
slough (off)
to discard; to shed
slovenly
untidy; dirty; careless
smirk
to smile in an affected or offensive way
smite
to strike forcefully
smolder
to burn without flame; to keep feelings concealed
smug
self-satisfied
snare
to trap
sneer
to look at with contempt; to scorn; to deride
snicker
to laugh in a half-suppressed way
snippet
a small fragment
snivel
to whine; to complain
sober
not drunk; serious
sobriquet
nickname; assumed name
sodden
soaked; damp
sojourn
a brief stay or visit
solace
comfort
solar
pertaining to the sun
solecism
ungrammatical usage; an error or inconsistency
solicit
to ask; to seek; to try to get an order in business
solicitude
concern; anxiety
soliloquy
act of talking to oneself
solipsistic
pertaining to the theory that only oneself exists or can be proved to exist
solitude
loneliness
solon
a wise man
solvent
having the ability to pay a debt (adjective); a substance that dissolves another (noun)
somber
dark; gloomy
somnambulate
walk in one's sleep
somniferous
causing sleep
somnolent
drowsy; sleepy
sonorous
producing a deep, rich sound
sophistry
a deceptive, tricky argument
sophomoric
immature; pretentious
soporific
causing sleep
sordid
dirty; filthy
sot
a drunkard
sovereign
a monarch or other supreme ruler
spacious
roomy; convenient
Spartan
warlike; brave; disciplined
spasm
a sudden burst of energy
specious
not genuine; pleasing to the eye but deceptive
specter
a ghost; a phantom
speculate
to meditate; to participate in a risky business transaction
sphinx
a person who is difficult to understand
splenetic
irritable; bad-tempered
sporadic
infrequent; irregular
spry
full of life; active
spume
foam
spurious
deceitful; counterfeit
spurn
to reject
squalid
filthy; dirty
staccato
made up of short, abrupt sounds
stagnant
not flowing; stale; sluggish
staid
sedate; settled
stalemate
a deadlock; a draw
stalwart
strong; sturdy
stamina
endurance; resistance to fatigue
stance
attitude; posture
stark
complete; harsh; severe
static
inactive; motionless
stationary
standing still; not moving
statute
law; rule
steadfast
firm in purpose; dependable; constant
stench
a foul smell
stentorian
very loud
stereotyped
not original; commonplace
sterling
of high quality; excellent
stigma
mark of disgrace
stilted
artificially formal
stint
to be sparing; to conserve
stipend
salary
stipulate
to specify; to arrange definitely
stoic
showing no emotion; indifferent to pleasure or pain
stolid
impassive; having little emotion
strait
a position of difficulty; a narrow passage of water
stratagem
a plan, scheme, or trick
strew
to spread about; to scatter
striated
striped; marked with lines
stricture
negative criticism; a restriction
strident
harsh sounding; loud and shrill
stringent
tight; strict
strut
to walk in a proud manner; to show off
stultify
to make absurd; to render worthless
stupefy
to stun; to amaze
stygian
dark; gloomy
stymie
to hinder; to block
suave
polished; sophisticated
sub rosa
secretly; confidentially
subaqueous
underwater
subjective
not objective; personal
subjugate
to conquer
sublimate
to make a person act noble or moral
sublime
majestic; elevated or lofty in thought
subliminal
subconscious; unaware
subordinate
of lower rank
suborn
to hire for an unlawful act
subsequent
following; occurring later
subservient
submissive; helpful, in an inferior capacity
subside
to become quiet; to settle down
subsidiary
auxiliary; supplementary; serving to assist
substantiate
to prove; to confirm; to support
subterfuge
trickery; deceit
subterranean
underground
subversive
tending to undermine or overthrow
succinct
concise; brief and to the point
succor
assistance; help; relief
succulent
juicy
succumb
to yield; to give in
suffrage
the right to vote
sullen
gloomy; showing irritation
sully
to soil, stain, or tarnish
sultry
hot and humid
sumptuous
luxurious; lavish; extravagant
sundry
various; assorted
superannuated
retired because of old age
supercilious
proud; haughty
superficial
on the surface; shallow
superfluous
excessive; unnecessary
supernal
heavenly
supernumerary
extra; more than necessary
supersede
to take the place of
supervene
to take place or occur unexpectedly
supine
lying on the back
supplant
to replace
supple
flexible
suppliant
begging; asking humbly
supplicate
to pray humbly; to beg
surfeit
an excessive amount
surly
rude; bad-tempered
surmise
to guess
surmount
to go beyond; to overcome
surreptitious
acting in a sneaky way

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